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Listed 24 sub titles with search on: Biographies for wider area of: "MAGNESSIA Prefecture THESSALIA" .


Biographies (24)

Composers

GLOSSA (Village) SKOPELOS

Loizos Manos

, , 1937 - 1982

He spent many summers in Glossa.


Vangelis Papathanassiou


Fighters of the 1821 revolution

Antoniou Stylianos


Historians

PEPARITHOS (Ancient city) SKOPELOS

Diocles

Diocles. Of Peparethus, the earliest Greek historian, who wrote about the foundation of Rome, and whom Q. Fabius Pictor is said to have followed in a great many points. (Plut. Rom. 3, 8; Fest. s. v. Romam.) How long he lived before the time of Fabius Pictor, is unknown. Whether he is the same as the author of a work on heroes (peri heroon suntagma), which is mentioned by Plutarch (Quaest. Graec. 40), and of a history of Persia (Persika), which is quoted by Josephus (Ant.Jud. x. 11.1), is likewise uncertain, and it may be that the last two works belong to Diocles of Rhodes, whose work on Aetolia (Aitolika) is referred to by Plutarch. (De Flum. 22.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


ZAGORA (Small town) MAGNESSIA

Kordatos Giannis

, , 1891 - 1961

Members of the Filiki Etairia (Society of Friends)

KOFI (Village) ALMYROS

Kommitas Stefanos

, , 1770 - 1830

Musicians

NEA IONIA (Village) VOLOS

Novelists

Moraitidis Alexandros

, , 1850 - 1929

  Alexandros Moraitidis was born in Skiathos on 15th October 1850. He completed his primary school studies and the first two grades of the Hellenic school in Skiathos. In 1866 he went to Athens where he completed the Hellenic school (a school between primary and high school), in 1871 he graduated from Varvakio High School and he enrolled in the Faculty of Philosophy in the University of Athens. In 1872 he became a regular member of the literary group "Parnasos" while in 1874 he started his journalistic career. In 1880 he was appointed in a teaching position in Varvakio and in 1881 he was named a Doctor of philosophy with the grade "very Good". In 1886 he received the medal of the silver cross of the Saviour. He travelled repeatedly to the holy land, to Constantinople and to Agio Oros (Mount of Athos). In 1901 he got married to Angeliki Foulaki in Athens.
   In 1921 he received the national distinction of Arts and Letters and in January 1928 he became a chaired member of the Academy of Athens. His greeting letter to the President of the Academy was his only contact since he did not participate in any conference or meeting. In 1929 in Skiathos he became a high-ranking priest and was named Andronikos. In October in the same year he got ill and died in the afternoon of 25th October 1929. His funeral was held the next day and G. Rigas delivered a very warm funeral oration. Moraitidis cultivated all form of literature and his work was inspired and characterised by a particular lyricism, deep religiousness as well as love for Skiathos.

This text is cited Sep 2002 from the Municipality of Skiathos URL below, which contains image.


Papadiamantis Allexandros

, , 1851 - 1911

  Alexandros Papadiamanis was born in Skiathos on 3rd March 1851 and was the son of the priest Adamantios Emmanouil and Angeliki who was the daughter of Alexandros Moraitidis. He completed the primary school and the first two grades of the Hellenic school in Skiathos. He later attended a school in Skopelos and in Piraeus and finally he graduated (he received the "apolytirion" of High School) from Varvakio in 1874. In the same year in September, he registered in the Faculty of Philosophy in the University of Athens but he never graduated from it. At that time he wrote his first lyric poem about his mother. In 1879 he published his noved "the Immigrant" in the newspaper "Neologos". In 1882 he started publishing his novel "The Merchants of the Nations" in the newspaper "Mi hanese" (Don’t vanish). At the same time he started working as a translator. In 1884 he started publishing in the newspaper "Akropolis" his novel "Gypsy Girl". From 1892 to 1897 he worked as a regular correspondent in the same newspaper.
   From 1902 to 1904 he lived in Skiathos where he published his novel "The Female Assasin". On March 13, 1908 in "Parnassos" a celebration of his 25 years in the greek letters was held under the patronage of the Princess Maria Vonaparti. Immediately after that he returned to Skiathos where he lived until the end of his life. He died because of pneumonia in the morning of 3rd January 1911. His funeral was held on the same day and the funeral oration was delivered by G. Rigas. On 22nd November 1912 his grave was visited by Maria Vonaparti and in 1925 his bust, which was created by Th. Thomopoulos, was erected.
   The work of Alexandros Papadiamantis which is today internationally acclaimed, was influenced directly by his island; the island where he was born and died; the island which he loved and praised as much as nothing else. It was also influenced by the people of his island whose life-stories he recreated and enlivened in his writings. He was a perfect observer and student of human psychology and of the morals and manners of his time. His unparalleled, full of lyricism writing style gave birth to masterpieces of moral novels in modern Greece. As a result, his name reminds us of Skiathos immediately. At the same time, on hearing the word "Skiathos" we cannot help thinking of this great literary figure whose personality marked indelibly both his island and his work.

This text is cited Sep 2002 from the Municipality of Skiathos URL below, which contains image.


Philosophers

PEPARITHOS (Ancient city) SKOPELOS

Ellopion

Ellopion, of Peparethus, a Socratic philosopher, who is mentioned only by Plutarch (De Gen. Socrat.)


Politicians

EFXINOUPOLI (Small town) MAGNESSIA

Nikolaos Gatzis

, , 25/3/1939

Member of Parliament


Related to the place

Rigas Feraios

Rigas Feraios (see Velestino). He was a teacher in this village during the turkish domination in Greece. His bust is placed in the school yard.


MAKRINITSA (Village) VOLOS

Theofilos Hajimichael

  Theofilos Hajimichael was born round 1868 in Varia in Mitilini. Travelling in search of a job reaches Volo and Pelion in about 1899 where he stays for 30 years. Theofilos paints in the town of Volos, mainly in cafenia1, taverns, inns and in the villages round Volos in mansions, churches and shops.
  In Makrinitsa he paints in a cafenio2 named after him and is dated since 1910. In the eastern wall on the right of the entrance of the cafenio, there is a fresco-painting with dimensions 3,15x2,50m with a theme of Katsadoni in Joumerka. The painting represents a feast of Katsadoni with his brave men in a mountainous landscape.
1-2 : Cafenia - Cafenio (Small cafeteria)

This text is cited September 2004 from the Community of Makrinitsa URL below, which contains images


Scholars

Georgios Rigas

, , 1884 - 1960

  He was born in Skiathos on 20th November 1884 and he was related to Papadiamantis on his mother's side. He attended Varvakio for two years where Alexandros Moraitidis taught and in 1901 he received his diploma from the Didaskalion of Athens. In the same year he was appointed in a teaching position in Skiathos where he remained until 1940.In 1920 he attended the Hieratical frontistirion of the Rizarios School for a year. He was ordained priest and immediately became intendant and a prelatic church warden of Skiathos. He died in Athens on 11 July 1960 and his funeral was held on his island with all the inhabitant's pesence.
   He was involved from his early years with the folklore of his island supported by his collective ability and conscientious nature. At the same time he showed his love for Byzantine music and hymnography. He had a close relationship from his early years with both Alexandros Papadiamantis and Alexandros Moraitidis and this helped him later, in his intellectual pursuits and performance. Georgios Rigas was a tireless and creative researcher, an authority on matters of the Church Ritual and a folklore researcher characterised by scientific observation, conscientiousness and gravity. He was also a methodic teacher and a master of liturgy. His presence in the school and the church of Skiathos has remained historic.

This text is cited Sep 2002 from the Municipality of Skiathos URL below, which contains image.


Tyrants

FERES (Ancient city) RIGAS FERAIOS

Lycophron, 404-390 B.C.

Lycophron. A citizen of Pherae, where he put down the government of the nobles and established a tyranny. Aiming further at making himself master of the whole of Thessaly, he overthrew in a battle, with great slaughter (B. C. 404), the Larissaeans and others of the Thessalians, who opposed him, adherents, no doubt, of the Aleuadae. (Xen. Hell. ii. 3. 4.) Schneider (ad Xen. l. c.) conjectures that the troops and money obtained in the preceding year by Aristippus of Larissa from Cyrus the Younger were intended to resist the attempts of Lycophron (Xen. Anab. i. 1. 10). In B. C. 395, Medius of Larissa, probably the head of the Aleuadae, was engaged in war with Lycophron, who was assisted by Sparta, while Medius received succours from the opposite confederacy of Greek states, which enabled him to take Pharsalus. (Diod. xiv. 82.) Of the manner and period of Lycophron's death we know nothing. He was probably the father of Jason of Pherae.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Jason, 390-369 B.C.

Jason (Iason), tyrant of Pherae and Tagus of Thessaly, was probably the son of Lycophron, who established a tyranny on the ruins of aristocracy at Pherae, about the end of the Peloponnesian war, and aimed at dominion overall the Thessalians (Xen. Hell. ii. 3.4; Diod. xiv. 82). From this passage of Diodorus we know that Lycophron was still alive in B. C. 395, but we cannot fix the exact time at which Jason succeeded him, nor do we find anything recorded of the latter till towards the close of his life. Wyttenbach, however (ad Plut. Mor. p. 89, c.), may possibly be right in his conjecture that the Prometheus who is mentioned by Xenophon as engaged in struggles against the old aristocratic families of Thessaly, with the aid of Critias, was no other than Jason (Xen. Mem. i. 2.24, Hell. ii. 3.36). It is at least certain that the surname in question could not have been applied more appropriately. He not only adopted, but expanded the ambitious designs of Lycophron, and he advanced towards the fulfilment of his schemes ably, energetically, and unscrupulously. In B. C. 377 we find him aiding Theogenes to seize the Acropolis of Histiaea in Euboea, from which, however, the latter was afterwards dislodged by the Lacedaemonians under Therippidas or Herippidas (Diod. xv. 30). In B. C. 375 all the Thessalian towns had been brought under Jason's dominion, with the exception of Pharsalus, which had been entrusted by the citizens to the direction of Polydamas. Alcetas I., king of Epeirus, was associated with him rather as a dependent than an ally, and Thebes was leagued with him from enmity to Sparta, from which latter state, though it had supported Lycophron (Diod. xiv. 82), he held aloof, probably because of its connection with Pharsalus (Xen. Hell. vi. 2, 13), and also from the policy of taking the weaker side. He already kept in his pay 6000 picked mercenaries, with whose training he took personally the greatest pains; and if he could unite Thessaly under himself as Tagus, it would furnish him, in addition, with a force of 6000 cavalry and more than 10,000 foot. The neighbouring tribes would yield him a body of lightarmed troops, with which no others could cope. The Thessalian Penestae would effectually man his ships, and of these he would be able to build a far larger number than the Athenians, as he might calculate on possessing as his own the resources of Macedonia and all its ship-timber. If once therefore the lord of Thessaly, he might fairly hope to become the master of Greece; and when Greece was in his power, the weakness of the Persian empire, as shown especially by the retreat of the Ten Thousand and the campaigns of Agesilaus in Asia, opened to him an unbounded and glorious field of conquest (Xen. Hell. vi. 1. 4-12; comp. Isocr. ad Phil.; Diod. xv. 60; Val. Max. ix. 10). But the first step to be taken was to secure the dominion of Pharsalus. This he had the means of effecting by force, but he preferred to carry his point by negotiation, and accordingly, in a personal conference with Polydamas, he candidly set before him the nature and extent of his plans and his resources, represented to him that opposition on the part of Pharsalus would be fruitless, and urged him therefore to use his influence to bring over the town to submission, promising him the highest place, except his own, in power and dignity. Polydamas answered that he could not honourably accept his offer without the consent of Sparta, with which he was in alliance ; and Jason, with equal frankness, told him to lay the state of the case before the Lacedaemonians, and see whether they could adequately support Pharsalus against his power. Polydamas did so, and the Lacedaemonians replied that they were unable to give the required help, and advised him to make the best terms he could for himself and his state. Polydamas then acceded to the proposal of Jason, asking to be allowed to retain the citadel of Pharsalus for those who had entrusted it to him, and promising to use his endeavors to bring the town into alliance with him, and to aid [p. 555] him in getting himself chosen Tagus. Soon after this, probably in B. C. 374, Jason was elected to the office in question, and proceeded to settle the contingent of cavalry and heavy-armed troops which each Thessalian city was to furnish, and the amount of tribute to be paid by the perioikoi, or subject people. He also entered into an alliance with Amyntas II., king of Macedonia (Xen. Hell. vi. 1.2-19; Diod. xv. 60; Plut. Pol. Praec. 24, Reg. et Imp. Apoph. Epam. 13). In B. C. 373 Jason and Alcetas I., king of Epeirus, came to Athens, with which they were both in alliance at the time, to intercede on behalf of Timotheus, who was acquitted, on his trial, in a great measure through their influence (Dem. c. Tim.; Corn. Nep. Tim. 4). In B. C. 371, after the battle of Leuctra, the Thebans sent intelligence of it to Jason, as their ally, requesting his aid. Accordingly, he manned some triremes, as if he meant to go to the help of the Thebans by sea; and having thus thrown the Phocians off their guard, marched repidly through their country, and arrived safely at Leuctra. Here the Thebans were anxious that he should join them in pressing their victory over the enemy; but Jason (who had no wish to see Thebes any more than Sparta in a commanding position) dissuaded them, by setting forth the danger of driving the Lacedaemonians to despair. The latter he persuaded to accept a truce, which would enable them to secure their safety by a retreat, representing himself as actuated by a kindly feeling towards them, as his father had been on terms of friendship with their state, and he himself still stood to them in the relation of proxenus. Such is the account of Xenophon (Hell. vi. 4.20, &c.). According to that of Diodorus, Jason arrived before the battle, and prevailed on both parties to agree to a truce, in consequence of which the Spartan king, Cleombrotus, drew off his army; but Archidamus had been sent to his aid with a strong reinforcement, and the two commanders, having united their forces, returned to Boeotia, in defiance of the compact, and were then defeated at Leuctra (Diod. xv. 54). This statement, however, cannot be depended on. On his return through Phocis, Jason took Hyampolis and ravaged its land, leaving the rest of the country undisturbed. He also demolished the fortifications of the Lacedaemonian colony of Heracleia in Trachinia, which commanded the passage from Thessaly into southern Greece, evidently (says Xenophon) entertaining no fear of an attack on his own country, but wishing to keep open a way for himself should he find it expedient to march to the south (Xen. Hell. vi. 4.27; comp. Diod. xv. 57, who refers the demolition of Heracleia to B. C. 370). Jason was now in a position which held out to him every prospect of becoming master of Greece. The Pythian games were approaching, and he proposed to march to Delphi at the head of a body of Thessalian troops, and to preside at the festival. Magnificent preparations were made for this, and much alarm and suspicion appear to have been excited throughout Greece. The Delphians, fearing for the safety of the sacred treasures, consulted the oracle on the subject, and received for answer that the god himself would take care of them (Comp. Herod. viii. 36; Suid. s. v. emoi melesei tauta kai leukas korais). Jason, having made all his preparations, had one day reviewed his cavalry, and was sitting in public to give audience to all comers, when he was murdered by seven youths, according to Xenophon and Ephorus, who drew near under pretence of laying a private dispute before him. Two of the assassins were slain by the body guard, the rest escaped, and were received with honour in all the Grecian cities to which they came -a sufficient proof of the general fear which the ambitious designs of Jason had excited. The fact, however, that his dynasty continued after his death shows how fully he had consolidated his power in Thessaly (Xen. Hell. vi. 4.28-32). It does not clearly appear what motive his murderers had for the deed. Ephorus (ap. Diod. xv. 60) ascribed it to the desire of distinction, which seems to point to a strong political feeling against his rule; and this is confirmed by the anecdote of a former attempt to assassinate him, which accidentally saved his life by opening an impostume from which he was suffering, and on which his physicians had tried their skill in vain (Cic. de Nat. Deor. iii. 28; Val. Max. i. 8. Ext. 6; comp. Xen. Hell. vi. 1.14; Diod. xv. 57). Valerius Maximus (ix. 10, Ext. 2) tells us that the youths who murdered him were excited by revenge because they had been punished with blows for an assault on one Taxillus, a gymnasiarch. According to Diodorus (xv. 60), some accounts mentioned Jason's own brother and successor, Polydorus, as his murderer.
  An insatiable appetite for power -to use his own metaphor- was Jason's ruling passion (Arist. Pol. iii. 4, ed. Bekk. ephe peinein hote me turannoi); and to gratify this, he worked perseveringly and without the incumbrance of moral scruples, by any and every means. With the chief men in the several states of Greece, as e. g. with Timotheus and Pelopidas (Plut. Pelop. 28), he cultivated friendly relations; and the story told by Plutarch and Aelian of the rejection of his presents by Epaminondas, shows that he was ready to resort to corruption, if he saw or thought he saw an opportunity. (Plut. de Gen. Soc. 14, Apoph. Reg. et Imp. Epam. 13; Ael. V. H. xi. 9). We find also on record a maxim of his, that a little wrong is justifiable for the sake of a great good (Arist. Rh/et. i. 12.31; Plut. Pol. Praec. 24). He is represented as having all the qualifications of a great general and diplomatist--as active, temperate, prudent, capable of enduring much fatigue, and no less skilful than Themistocles in concealing his own designs and penetrating those of his enemies (Xen. Hell. vi. 1.6; Diod. xv. 60; Cic. de Off. i. 30). Pausanias tells us that he was an admirer of the rhetoric of Gorgias; and among his friends he reckoned Isocrates, whose cherished vision of Greece united against Persia made him afterwards the dupe of Philip (Paus. vi. 17; Isocr. Ep. ad Jas. Fil.).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Jan 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Jason of Pherai (d. 370 BC). Ruler of Thessaly, who was the son of the tyrant of Pherai (just north of Volos). When his father died in 380 BC he succeeded him, and took control of the whole of Thessaly with his 6000 mercenaries.
  The situation in Thessaly was then infested with constant battles between the various aristocratic families of the area, and Jason found support from Athens and Thebes. When Thebes had defeated the Spartans at the battle of Leuctra Jason intermediated so that the Spartan army could go home.
  He wanted to create a state of hegemony in Greece, and had the strongest military power of his time, with 20 000 foot soldiers and a cavalry of 8000. He also built a fleet and planned a pan-Hellenic attack on the Persians.
  In 370 BC he wanted to lead the Pythian Games but a group of young Thessalian aristocrats murdered him. Philip II of Macedonia was to continue his plans.

This text is cited Sept 2003 from the In2Greece URL below.


Alexander 369-358 BC

Alexander (Alexandros), tyrant of Pherae. The accounts of his usurpation vary somewhat in minor points; Diodorus (xv. 61 ) tells us that, on the assassination of Jason, B. C. 370, Polydorus his brother ruled for a year, and was then poisoned by Alexander, another brother. According to Xenophon (Hell. vi. 4.34), Polydorus was murdered by his brother Polyphron, and Polyphron, in his turn, B. C. 369, 1 by Alexander--his nephew, according to Plutarch, who relates also that Alexander worshipped as a god the spear with which he slew his uncle (Plut. Pelop). Alexander governed tyrannically, and according to Diodorus, differently from the former rulers, but Polyphron, at least, seems to have set him the example. The Thessalian states, however, which had acknowledged the authority of Jason the Tagus (Xen. Hell. vi. 1.4, 5, &c.; Diod. xv. 60), were not so willing to subinit to the oppression of Alexander the tyrant, and they applied therefore (and especially the old family of the Aleuadae of Larissa, who had most reason to fear him) to Alexander, king of Macedon, son of Amyntas II. The tyrant, with his characteristic energy, prepared to meet his enemy in Macedonia, but the king anticipated him, and, reaching Larissa, was admitted into the city, obliged the Thessalian Alexander to flee to Pherae, and left a garrison in Larissa, as well as in Cranon, which had also come over to him (Diod. xv. 61). But the Macedonian having retired, his friends in Thessaly, dreading the vengeance of Alexander, sent for aid to Thebes, the policy of which state, of course, was to check a neighbour who might otherwise become so formidable, and Pelopidas was accordingly despatched to succour them. On the arrival of the latter at Larissa, whence according to Diodorus (xv. 67) he dislodged the Macedonian garrison, Alexander presented himself and offered submission; but soon after escaped by flight, alarmed by the indignation which Pelopidas expressed at the tales he heard of his cruelty and tyrannical profligacy. These events appear to be referable to the early part of the year 368. In the summer of that year Pelopidas was again sent into Thessaly, in consequence of fresh complaints against Alexander. Accompanied by Ismenias, he went merely as a negotiator, and without any military force, and venturing incautiously within the power of the tyrant, was seized by him and thrown into prison (Diod. xv. 71; Plut. Pelop; Polyb. viii. 1). The language of Demosthenes (c. Aristocr.) will hardly support Mitford's inference, that Pelopidas was taken prisoner in battle. The Thebans sent a large army into Thessaly to rescue Pelopidas, but they could not keep the field against the superior cavalry of Alexander, who, aided by auxiliaries from Athens, pursued them with great slaughter; and the destruction of the whole Theban army is said to have been averted only by the ability of Epaminondas, who was serving in the campaign, but not as general.
  The next year, 367, was signalized by a specimen of Alexander's treacherous cruelty in the massacre of the citizens of Scotussa; and also by another expedition of the Thebans under Epaminondas into Thessaly, to effect the release of Pelopidas. According to Plutarch, the tyrant did not dare to offer resistance, and was glad to purchase even a thirty days' truce by the delivery of the prisoners. During the next three years Alexander would seem to have renewed his attempts against the states of Thessaly, especially those of Magnesia and Phthiotis, for at the end of that time, B. C. 364, we find them again applying to Thebes for protection against him. The army appointed to march under Pelopidas is said to have been dismayed by an eclipse (June 13, 364), and Pelopidas, leaving it behind, entered Thessaly at the head of three hundred volunteer horsemen and some mercenaries. A battle ensued at Cynoscephalae, wherein Pelopidas was himself slain, but defeated Alexander; and this victory was closely followed by another of the Thebans under Malcites and Diogiton, who obliged Alexander to restore to the Thessalians the conquered towns, to confine himself to Pherae, and to be a dependent ally of Thebes. (Plut. Pel.; Diod. xv. 80; comp. Xen. Hell. vii. 5.4)
  The death of Epaminondas in 362, if it freed Athens from fear of Thebes, appears at the same time to have exposed her to annoyance from Alexander, who, as though he felt that he had no further occasion for keeping up his Athenian alliance, made a piratical descent on Tenos and others of the Cyclades, plundering them, and making slaves of the inhabitants. Peparethus too he besieged, and " even landed troops in Attica itself, and seized the port of Panormus, a little eastward of Sunium." Leosthenes, the Athenian admiral, defeated him, and relieved Peparethus, but Alexander delivered his men from blockade in Panormus, took several Attic triremes, and plundered the Peiraeeus (Diod. xv. 95; Polyaen. vi. 2; Demosth. c. Polycl.).
  The murder of Alexander is assigned by Diodorus to B. C. 367. Plutarch gives a detailed account of it, containing a lively picture of a semibarbarian palace. Guards watched throughout it all the night, except at the tyrant's bedchamber, which was situated at the top of a ladder, and at the door of which a ferocious dog was chained. Thebe, the wife and cousin of Alexander, and daughter of Jason, concealed her three brothers in the house during the day. caused the dog to be removed when Alexander had retired to rest, and having covered the steps of the ladder with wool, brought up the young men to her husband's chamber. Though she had taken away Alexander's sword, they feared to set about the deed till she threatened to awake him and discover all : they then entered and despatched him. His body was cast forth into the streets, and exposed to every indignity. Of Thebe's motive for the murder different accounts are given. Plutarch states it to have been fear of her husband, together with hatred of his cruel and brutal character, and ascribes these feelings principally to the representations of Pelopidas, when she visited him in his prison. In Cicero the deed is ascribed to jealousy. (Plut. Pel.; Diod. xvi. 14; Xen. Hell. vi. 4.37; Cic. de Off. ii. 7. See also Cic. de Inv. ii. 49, where Alexander's murder illustrates a knotty point for special pleading; also Aristot. ap. Cic. de Div. i. 25 ; the dream of Eudemus.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Lycophron 355-352 BC

Lycophron. A son, apparently, of Jason, and one of the brothers of Thebe, wife of Alexander, the tyrant of Phlerae, in whose murder he tool part together with his sister and his two brothers, Tisiphonus and Peitholaus. On Alexander's death the power appears to have been wielded mainly by Tisiphonus, though Diodorus says that he and Lycophron made themselves joint-tyrants, with the aid of a mercenary force, and maintained their ascendancy by cruelty and violence. (Xen. Hell. vi. 4. 37; Con. Narr. 50; Diod. xvi. 14; Plut. Pel. 35; Clint. F. H. vol. ii. App. Ch. 15). In B. C. 352, by which time it seems that Tisiphonus was dead, Philip of Macedon, on the application of the Aleuadae and their party, advanced into Thessaly against Lycophron, who was now chief ruler. The latter was aided by the Phocians, at first under Phayllus, without success, and then with better fortune under Onomarchus, who defeated Philip in two battles and drove him back into Macedonia ; but soon after Philip entered Thessaly again, and Onomarchus, having also returned front Boeotia to the assistance of Lycophron, was defeated and slain. Lycophron, and his brother Peitholaus, being now left without resource, surrendered Pherae to Philip and withdrew from Thessaly with 2000 mercenaries to join their Phocian allies under Phayllus. An antithetic sarcasm, quoted by Aristotle, seems to imply that they did not give their services for nothing. In the hostilities between Sparta and Megalopolis, in this same year (B. C. 352), we find among the forces of the former 150 of the Thessalian cavalry, who had been driven out from Pherae with Lycophron and Peitholaus. (Diod. xvi. 35-37, 39; Paus. x. 2; Just. viii. 2; Dem. Olynth. ii.; Isocr. Phil.; Arist. Rhet. iii. 9. 8). From the downfall of Lycophron to the battle of Cynoscephalae, in B. C. 197, Thessaly continued dependent on the kings of Macedonia.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Writers

Epifanios-Stefanos Dimitriadis

  Epifanios-Stefanos Dimitriadis was born in Skiathos in 1760 and belonged to a noble family of the island. He learned the first things in Skiathos and later attended schools in Pelio, Ambelakia, Constantinople and in places bordering on the Danube. He started working in Bucharest for the leader Nikolaos Mavrogenis together with Rigas Fereos (a very famous author and fighter for the liberation of Greece ). As a result, the two men became close friends and partners. His acquaintance with such a passionate personality as that of Rigas obviously influenced deeply the inquiring mind of Epifanios Dimitriadis.
   In 1787 he returned to Greece, first in Skiathos and then in Hydra and Poros. He also travelled in Agio Oros (the mount of Athos), Constantinople, Moldavia and Bucharest. In 1802 he was appointed voivod in Skiathos and in 1803-1805 he was appointed voivod in Alonisos. His contribution to the pre-revolutionary movements of Vlahavas, Stathas and Nikotsaras was very important. In 1807 he attended the assembly which was held in the monastery of Evagelistria where he met Theodoros Kolokotronis. After 1811 he travelled throughout Greece and taught in many places. In the beginning of the revolution he was in Kea but he immediately returned to Skiathos in order to encourage his fellow - country men to participate in the fight. In September 1821 he fought in the fall of Tripolis in Peloponissos while he continuously offered, until his last moment, in the fight of Greece for freedom both his military and his teaching skills. He died in 1827 in Skiathos.
   He was a prolific writer and cultivated all forms of both prose and poetry. Among his many works, he himself published only two. He wrote with ease both in ancient and modern Greek but he also knew French and Italian. He knew very well history and was well-grounded in philosophy and literature. His teaching lectures which were encouraged by his knowledge of Greek and his fervent patriotism was a real guideline for the enslaved Greek people. Epifanios -Stefanos Dimitriadis is a very important representative of the Hellenic Enlightenment and is one of the nation's teachers.

This text is cited Sep 2002 from the Municipality of Skiathos URL below, which contains image.


Demetriadis Georgios

, , 1760 - 1824

Nirvanas Pavlos

His house, which is preserved, is open to visitors.


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