Biographies KALYMNOS (Province) DODEKANISSOS - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Biographies (10)



   (Onesikritos). A Greek historian, of the island of Astypalaea or of Aegina. In mature years he was a pupil of the Cynic Diogenes, and then accompanied Alexander the Great upon his expedition. By order of Alexander he investigated, with Nearchus, the route by sea from India to the mouths of the Euphrates and Tigris. He afterwards lived at the court of Lysimachus, king of Thrace. During Alexander's life he began a comprehensive history of that personage, which fell into disrepute, owing to its exaggerations and its false accounts of distant lands. Only scanty fragments of it are preserved.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks



Members of the Filiki Etairia (Society of Friends)

Xanthos Emmanouel

, , 1772 - 1851
Founder of the Filiki Heteria (Society of Friends)



Pherecydes of Leros

There is no writer more frequently cited by the Scholiasts, and none with whom our poet more often agrees, than Pherecydes of Leros, one of the most celebrated of the early logographers. His chief work was a mythological history in ten books entitled Archaiologiai, Historiai, or Autochthones. The opening book was a Theogonia, and then followed a description of the heroic age. The legend of the Argonauts and the history of Jason came probably in the sixth and seventh books. Apollonius acquired from Pherecydes not merely details connected with the Argonauts, but also historical and geographical notices which he worked into his poem.

One of the best known of the Greek logographi, and a contemporary of Hellanicus and Herodotus. His chief work was a mythological history in ten books, beginning with the genealogy of the gods, and passing on to an account of the Heroic Age and of the origins of the great families of his own time.

Long before Pindar, Archilochus had related how Heracles overcame the tauriform suitor , and won the fair maiden; how, after their marriage, Heracles and Deianeira dwelt with Oeneus at Calydon, until they were obliged to leave the country, because Heracles had accidentally slain the king's cupbearer; and how, at the river Evenus, the Centaur Nessus offered insult to the young wife, and was slain by her husband . It may be added that the prose mythographer Pherecydes (circ. 480 B.C.) had told the story of Deianeira . His birthplace was the island of Leros, near Miletus; but his home was at Athens, and his work, it can hardly be doubted, was known to Sophocles.


Demodocus, (Demodokos) of Leros, the author of four epigrams in the Greek Anthology, containing bitter attacks upon the Chians, Cappadocians, and Cilicians. (Brunck, Anal. ii. 56 ; Jacobs, ii. 56, xiii. 698.) He is mentioned by Aristotle. (Ethic. Nicom. vii. 9.)

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