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Listed 100 (total found 109) sub titles with search on: Biographies for wider area of: "ARCADIA Prefecture PELOPONNISOS" .


Biographies (109)

Actors

ZATOUNA (Village) DIMITSANA

Mimis Fotopoulos

, , 1913 - 1986

Ancient comedy playwrites

ARKADIA (Ancient area) PELOPONNISOS

Lysippus

Lysippus (Lusippos). An Arcadian, a comic poet of the old Comedy. His date is fixed by the marble Didascalia, edited by Odericus, at 01. lxxxvi. 2, B. C. 434, when he gained the first prize with his Katachienai; and this agrees with Athenaeus, who mentions him in conjunction with Callias (viii.). Besides the katachenai, we have the titles of his Bakchai (Suid., Eudoc.), which is often quoted, and his Thursokomos (Suid.). Vossius de Poet. Graec. p. 227) has followed the error of Eudocia, in making Lysippus a tragic poet. Besides his comedies he wrote some beautiful verses in praise of the Athenians, which are quoted by Dicaearchus.


MENALOS (Ancient city) FALANTHOS

Phormis

  Respecting Phormis we fortunately possess some very important facts. In the first place, like Epicharmus he was neither a born Megarian nor even a Sicilian, and was most certainly not a Dorian, for we know from Pausanias that he was a native of Maenalus in Arcadia, that from thence he emigrated to Sicily to the court of Gelon, son of Deinomenes, and that by distinguishing himself in the campaign of that king and afterwards in those of his brother Hieron, he attained to such wealth that he was able to set up certain dedications at Olympia seen there by Pausanias, and others also at Delphi. Those at Olympia were statues of two horses, each with a groom beside it. There were also three statues of Phormis himself in a row, confronting in each case a foeman. The legend on these set forth that they were dedicated by Lycortas of Syracuse, apparently a friend and admirer. Like Aeschylus, the true founder of Attic tragedy, and Cyril Tourneur, one of the most potent spirits of the Elizabethan drama, Phormis was thus a soldier as well as a dramatist. Indeed, in view of the fact that the Arcadians in every age went forth in considerable numbers from their native mountains, like the Highlanders of Scotland, to take service with any one who wanted a man who could wield a good spear and draw a good sword, it was probable in such a capacity that Phormis went to seek and found his fortune at the court of Gelon. According to Suidas he became a member of that monarch's household and tutor to his children, and wrote eight comedies--Admetus, Alcinous, The Fall of Ilium, Perseus, Cepheus or Cephaleia, Alcyones, Hippus and Atalanta. From their names it is obvious that his plays were all burlesque of familiar epic and tragic themes, not excepting that on his own national heroine, Atalanta. He was the first who arrayed a (comic) actor in a robe reaching to the feet, and employed a background (skene) adorned with skins dyed red. The use in Comedy for the first time of long dignified robes was probably, like the plot, a consequence of the burlesquing of heroic themes.

Alfred Bates, ed.
This text is cited July 2003 from the TheatreHistory URL below.


...Among them are those dedicated by the Maenalian Phormis. He crossed to Sicily from Maenalus to serve Gelon the son of Deinomenes. Distinguishing himself in the campaigns of Gelon and afterwards of his brother Hieron, he reached such a pitch of prosperity that he dedicated not only these offerings at Olympia, but also others dedicated to Apollo at Delphi. The offerings at Olympia are two horses and two charioteers, a charioteer standing by the side of each of the horses. The first horse and man are by Dionysius of Argos, the second are the work of Simon of Aegina. On the side of the first of the horses is an inscription, the first part of which is not metrical. It runs thus:
Phormis dedicated me, An Arcadian of Maenalus, now of Syracuse.
...Among these offerings is Phormis himself opposed to an enemy, and next are figures of him fighting a second and again a third. On them it is written that the soldier fighting is Phormis of Maenalus, and that he who dedicated the offerings was Lycortas of Syracuse. Clearly this Lycortas dedicated them out of friendship for Phormis. These offerings of Lycortas are also called by the Greeks offerings of Phormis. The Hermes carrying the ram under his arm, with a helmet on his head, and clad in tunic and cloak, is not one of the offerings of Phormis, but has been given to the god by the Arcadians of Pheneus. The inscription says that the artist was Onatas of Aegina helped by Calliteles, who I think was a pupil or son of Onatas.

This extract is from: Pausanias. Description of Greece (ed. W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., & H.A. Ormerod, 1918). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


Archaeologists

Romeos Konstantinos

, , 1874 - 1966

Directors

LOUTRA (Village) IREA

Tsiolis Stavros

, , 1937

  Born in Tripolis (Arcadia) in October 1937, he completed his studies in Athens. He began his film career in 1958 working as an assistant director on 54 films. In 1968 he made his first full-length feature for Finos Film The Young Runaway. Panic and The City Jungle followed in 1969. In 1970 his film Abuse ofAuthoritγ became the biggest Greek box office hit ever made and was screened in thirty-six countries. That same year he stopped making films. Stavros Tsiolis returned to filmmaking in 1985 with Such a Long Absence. It was followed by About Vassilis (1986), Invincible Lovers (1988), Love Under the Date-Tree (1990), Please, Ladies, don’t Cry (1992) which he co-directed with the late Christos Valakopoulos and The Lost Treasure of Hursit Pasha (1995).
Films
•Invincible Lovers
•Love Under the Date-Tree
•Please Ladies,
•Don't Cry Such A Long Absense
•The Lost Treasure of Hursit Pasha

This text is cited Apr 2003 from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture URL below.


Doctors

Nikolaos Lagopatis


Economists

Angelopoulos Agelos

, , 1904

Fighters of the 1821 revolution

The Katrivanos family

A family many members of which were klephts, armatoli (=they carried guns) and fighters of the 1821 War of Independence.


LAGADIA (Village) LAGADIA

Deligiannis Kanellos

, , 1780 - 1862

Theofilopoulos Ioannis

, , 1790 - 1885

LIBOVISSI (Village) ARCADIA

Theodoros Kolokotronis


METHYDRIO (Settlement) VYTINA

Anagnostopoulos Panos

, , ; - 1842

PALOUMBA (Village) IREA

Dimitrios Plapoutas or Koliopoulos

, , 1786 - 1864

Geneos (Ioannis) Kolokotronis

Son of Theodoros Kolokotronis, his mansion in the village.


Elias Miglaris


Theodoritos

, , 1787 - 1843

Bishop of Vrestheni and a fighter, one of the most eminent bishops who fought at the 1821 War of Independence.


Rigas Palamidis


Nikitas Stamatelopoulos (Nikitaras)

, , 1787 - 1849

ZATOUNA (Village) DIMITSANA

Staikopoulos Staikos, the conqueror of Palamidi

, , 1798 - 1835

Folklorists

Thanassis Kostakis


Generals

MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Leocydes

A Megalopolitan general, descendant of Arcesilaus. (Paus. 8.10.6, 10)


Diaeus

Of Megalopolis: father of Diophanes, general of Achaean League, stirs up war between Achaeans and Lacedaemonians, sent as envoy to Rome, intrigues against Lacedaemonians, commands Achaeans in war with Romans, defeated at Corinth, takes poison.


Diaeus, (Diaios), a man of Megalopolis, succeeded Menalcidas of Lacedaemon as general of the Achaean league in B. C. 150. Menalcidas, having been assailed by Callicrates with a capital charge, saved himself through the favour of Diaeus, whom he bribed with three talents; and the latter, being much and generally condemned for this, endeavored to divert public attention from his own conduct to a quarrel with Lacedaemon. The Lacedaemonians had appealed to the Roman senate about the possession of some disputed land, and had received for answer that the decision of all causes, except those of life and death, rested with the great council of the Achaeans. This answer Diaeus so far garbled as to omit the exception. The Lacedaemonians accused him of falsehood, and the dispute led to war, wherein the Lacedaemonians found themselves no match for the Achaeans, and resorted accordingly to negotiation. Diaeus, affirming that his hostility was not directed against Sparta, but against her disturbers, procured the banishment of 24 of her principal citizens. These men fled for refuge and protection to Rome, and thither Diaeus went to oppose them, together with Callicrates, who died by the way. The cause of the exiles was supported by Menalcides, who assured the Spartans, on his return, that the Romans had declared in favour of their independence, while an equally positive assurance to the opposite effect was given by Diaeus to the Achaeans,--the truth being that the senate had passed no final decision at all, but had promised to send commissioners to settle the dispute. War was renewed between the parties, B. C. 148, in spite of the prohibition of the Romans, to which, however, Diaeus, who was again general in B. C. 147, paid more obedience, though he endeavoured to bring over the towns round Sparta by negotiation. When the decree of the Romans arrived, which severed Sparta and several other states from the Achaean league, Diaeus took a leading part in keeping up the indignation of the Achaeans, and in urging them to the acts of violence which caused war with Rome. In the autumn of 147 he was succeeded by Critolaus, but the death of the latter before the expiration of his year of office once more placed Diaeus at the post of danger, according to the law of the Achaeans, which provided in such cases that the predecessor of the deceased should resume his authority. The number of his army he swelled with emancipated slaves, and enforced strictly, though not impartially, the levy of the citizens; but he acted unwisely in dividing his forces by sending a portion of them to garrison Megara and to check there the advance of the Romans. He himself had taken up his quarters in Corinth, and Metellus, the Roman general, advancing thither, sent forward ambassadors to offer terms, but Diaeus threw them into prison (though he afterwards released them for the bribe of a talent), and caused Sosicrates, the lieutenantgeneral, as well as Philinus of Corinth, to be put to death with torture for having joined in recommending negotiation with the enemy. Being defeated by Mummius before the walls of Corinth, in B. C. 146, he made no further attempt to defend the city, but fled to Megalopolis, where he slew his wife to prevent her falling into the enemy's power, and put an end to his own existence by poison, thus (says Pausanias) rivalling Menalcidas in the cowardice of his death, as he had rivalled him through his life in avarice. (Polyb. xxxviii. 2, xl. 2, 4, 5, 9; Paus. vii. 12, &c.; Clinton, F. H. sub annis 149, 147, 146.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Aristaenus

Aristaenus (Aristainos), of Megalopolis, sometimes called Aristaenetus by Polybius and Plutarch (Philop. 13, 17). Aristaenus, however, appears to be the correct name. He was strategus of the Achaean league in B. C. 198, and induced the Achaeans to join the Romans in the war against Philip of Macedon. Polybius defends him from the charge of treachery for having done so. In the following year (B. C. 197) he was again strategus and accompanied the consul T. Quinctius Flamininus to his interview with Philip (Polyb. xxxii. 19-21, 32; Polyb. xvii. 1, 7, 13). In the same year he also persuaded the Boeotians to espouse the side of the Romans (Liv. xxxiii. 2). In B. C. 195, when he was again strategus, he joined Flamininus with 10,000 foot and 1000 horse in order to attack Nabis (Liv. xxxiv. 25, &c.). He was also strategus in B. C. 185, and attacked Philopoemen and Lycortas for their conduct in relation to the embassy that had been sent to Ptolemy. (Polyb. xxiii. 7, 9, 10).
  Aristaenus was the political opponent of Philopoemen, and showed more readiness to gratify the wishes of the Romans than Philopoemen did. He was eloquent and skilled in politics, but not distinguished in war (Polyb. xxv. 9; comp. Plut. Philop. 17; Paus. viii. 51.1).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Lycomedes

Lycomedes (Lukomoedes). A Mantinean, according to Xenophon and Pausanias, wealthy, high-born, and ambitious. Diodorus calls him in one passage a Tegean; but there can be no question (though Wesseling would raise one) of the identity of this Lycomedes with the Arcadian general whom he elsewhere speaks of as a Mantinean. (Xen. Hell. vii. 1. 23; Paus. viii. 27; Diod. xv. 59, 62; Wess. ad Diod. xv. 59; Schneider, ad Xen. Hell. vi. 5. 3). We first hear of him as one of the chief founders of Megalopolis in B. C. 370, and Diodorus (xv. 59.) tells us that he was the author of the plan, though the words of Pausanias (viii. 27, ix. 14.) would seem to ascribe the origination of it to Epaminondas. (Comp. Arist. Pol. ii. 2, ed. Bekk.; Xen. Hell. vi. 5. 6, &c.). In B. C. 369 Lycomedes was general of the Arcadians and defeated, near Orchomenus, the forces of the Lacedaemonians under Polytropus. (Xen. Hell. vi. 5. 14; Diod. xv. 62). In the following year we find symptoms of a rising jealousy towards Thebes on the part of the Arcadians, owing in great measure to the suggestions and exhortations of Lycomedes, who reminded his countrymen of their ancient descent as the children of the soil, of their numbers, their high military qualifications, and of the fact that their support was quite as important to Thebes as it had been to Lacedaemon; and it is possible that the spirit thus roused and fostered in Arcadia may have shortened the stay of Epaminondas in the Peloponnesus on this his second invasion of it. The vigour exhibited in consequence by the Arcadians under Lycomedes and the successes they met with are mentioned by Xenophon and Diodorus, the latter of whom however places these events a year too soon. Thus it was in B. C. 369, according to him, that Lycomedes marched against Pellene in Laconia, and, having taken it, made slaves of the inhabitants and ravaged the country. (Xen. Hell. ii. 1. 23, &c.; Diod. xv. 67; Wess. ad loc.). The same spirit of independence was again manifested by Lycomedes in B. C. 367, at the congress held at Thebes after the return of the Greek envoys from Susa; for when the rescript of Artaxerxes II. (in every way favourable to Thebes) had been read, and the Thebans required the deputies of the other states to swear compliance with it, Lycomedes declared that the congress ought not to have been assembled at Thebes at all, but wherever the war was. To this the Thebans answered angrily that he was introducing discord to the destruction of the alliance, and Lycomedes then withdrew from the congress with his colleagues. (Xen. Hell. vii. 1. 39). In B. C. 366, the loss of Oropus having exasperated the Athenians against their allies, who had with-held their aid when it was most needed, Lycomedes took advantage of the feeling to propose an alliance between Athens and Arcadia. The proposal was at first unfavourably received by the Athenians, as involving a breach of their connection with Sparta; but they afterwards consented to it on the ground that it was as much for the advantage of Lacedaemon as of Athens that Arcadia should be independent of Thebes. Lycomedes, on his return by sea from Athens, desired to be put on shore at a certain portion of the Peloponnesian coast, where there happened to be collected a number of Arcadian exiles; and by these he was murdered. (Xen. Hell. vii. 4. 2, 3)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Historians

MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Polybius

, , 200 - 118

   Polybious, (Polubios). One of the most important Greek historians, born about B.C. 204 at Megalopolis; the son of Lycortas, general of the Achaean League in 185-184 and after 183. Through his father, and his father's friend Philopoemen, he early acquired a deep insight into military and political affairs, and was afterwards intrusted with high federal offices, such as the commandership of the cavalry, the highest position next to the federal generalship. In this capacity he directed his efforts towards maintaining the independence of the Achaean League. As the chief representative of the policy of neutrality during the war of the Romans against Perseus of Macedonia, he attracted the suspicion of the Romans, and was one of the 1000 noble Achaeans who in 166 were transported to Rome as hostages, and detained there for seventeen years. In Rome, by virtue of his high culture, he was admitted to the most distinguished houses, in particular to that of Aemilius Paulus, the conqueror in the Macedonian War, who intrusted him with the education of his sons, Fabius and the younger Scipio. He was on terms of the most cordial friendship with the latter, whose counsellor he became. Through Scipio's intercession in 150, Polybius obtained leave to return to his home with those of the Achaeans who still survived; but in the very next year he went with his friend to Africa, and was present at the capture of Carthage, B.C. 146. After the destruction of Corinth in the same year, he returned to his native land, and made use of his credit with the Romans to lighten, as far as he could, the lot of his unfortunate countrymen. When Greece was converted into a Roman province, he was intrusted with the difficult task of organizing the new form of government in the Greek towns, and in this office gained for himself the highest recognition both from the conquerors and from the conquered, the latter rewarding his services by setting up statues to him and by other marks of honour. The pedestal of such a statue has been discovered at Olympia. The succeeding years he seems to have spent in Rome, engaged on the completion of his historical work, and occasionally undertaking long journeys through the Mediterranean countries in the interest of his history, more particularly with a view to obtaining actual ocular knowledge of historical sites. After the death of his patron he returned to Greece, and died in 122, at the age of eighty-two, in consequence of a fall from his horse.
    During his long sojourn in Rome, his study of the history and constitution of Rome, as well as his personal experiences, inspired him with the conviction that the Roman people owed the magnificent development of their power, not to fortune, but to their own fitness, and to the excellence of their political and military institutions, as compared with those of other States, and that therefore their rapid rise to world-wide dominion had been in some measure an historical necessity. In order to enlighten his countrymen on this point, and thereby to supply them with a certain consolation for their fate, he composed his history (Pragmateia) of the period between B.C. 220 and 146, in forty books. Of these the first two are in the form of an Introduction, and give a compendium of events in Italy, Africa, and Greece, from the destruction of Rome by the Gauls to the First Punic War, thus recording the rise of the Roman supremacy. The first main division (books iii.-xxx.) contained in synchronistic arrangement the occurrences from 220 to 168--that is, of the time in which Rome was founding its world-wide dominion through the Hannibalian, Macedonian, Syrian, and Spanish Wars. The second described the maintenance and consolidation of this dominion against the attempts to overthrow it in the years 168-146. Of this work only books i.-v. have been preserved in a complete form; of the rest we possess merely fragments and epitomes. This is especially to be regretted in those parts in which Polybius narrates events which came within his own experience. He is the first representative of that particular type of historical composition, which does not merely recount the several facts and phenomena in chronological order, but goes back to the causes of events, and sets forth their results. His work rests upon a knowledge of the art of war and of politics, such as few ancient historians possessed; upon a careful examination of tradition, conducted with keen criticism; partly also upon what he had himself seen, and upon the communications of eye-witnesses and actors in the events. It sets forth the course of occurrences with clearness, penetration, sound judgment, and love of truth, and, among the circumstances affecting the result, lays especial stress on the geographical conditions. It belongs, therefore, to the greatest productions of ancient historical writing, though, in respect to language and style, it does not attain the standard of Attic prose. The language is often wanting in purity, and the style is stiff and inharmonious.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks



Acestodorus

Acestodorus (Akestodoros), a Greek historical writer, who is cited by Plutarch (Them. 13), and whose work.contained, as it appears, an account of the battle of Salamis among other things. The time at which he lived is unknown. Stephanus (s. v. Megale polis) speaks of an Acestodorus of Megalopolis, who wrote a work on cities (peri poleon), but whether this is the same as the above-mentioned writer is not clear.


Historic figures

DIMITSANA (Village) ARCADIA

Paleon Patron Germanos

, , 27/3/1771 - 30/5/1826

Law-givers

KARYTENA (Village) GORTYS

Nikolaos Dimitrakopoulos

, , 1864 - 1921

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Antiphanes, Crisus, Tyronidas and Pyrrhias

Tegean law-givers.


Literary figures

KARYTENA (Village) GORTYS

LEONIDIO (Small town) KYNOURIA

Giorgos Sarantaris

, , 1907 - 1941

Elissavet Psara


Ouranis Kostas

, , 1890 - 1953

Members of the Filiki Etairia (Society of Friends)

LASTA (Village) VYTINA

Panagiotis Arvalis


STENO (Village) KORYTHIO

Anthimos Skalistiris


Sekeris Panagiotis

, , 1783 - 1846
    Greek

VYTINA (Village) ARCADIA

Xodilos Athanassios

, , 1780 - 1846

Memoirs writer.


Men in the armed forces

ARKADIA (Ancient area) PELOPONNISOS

Hippias

Hippias, captain of a company of Arcadian mercenaries in the service of Pissuthnes, is named by Thucydides in the story of the fifth year of the Peloponnesian War, B. C. 427. A faction of the Colophonians of Notium dependent on Persian aid introduced him into a fortified quarter of the town; and here, after the surrender of Mytilene, he was found and besieged by Paches, whose succour was demanded by the exiles of the other party. Paches, under a promise of a safe return into the fortification if no terms should be agreed on, drew Hippias out to a conference; retained him, while, by a sudden attack, the place was carried; and satisfied the letter of his promise by bringing him back into the fortress, and there shooting him to death. (Thuc. iii. 34.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


PARASSIA (Ancient area) ARKADIA

Xenias of Parrhasia

Darius and Parysatis had two sons born to them, of whom the elder was Artaxerxes and the younger Cyrus. Now when Darius lay sick and suspected that the end of his life was near, he wished to have both his sons with him. The elder, as it chanced, was with him already; but Cyrus he summoned from the province over which he had made him satrap, and he had also appointed him commander of all the forces that muster in the plain of Castolus.Cyrus accordingly went up3to his father, taking with him Tissaphernes as a friend and accompanied by three hundred Greek hoplites, under the command of Xenias of Parrhasia.


Callimachus of Parrhasia

. . . Thereupon it was decided to call together the captains, both of peltasts and hoplites, to set forth to them the existing situation, and to ask if there was any one among them who would like to prove himself a brave man and to undertake this expedition as a volunteer. Volunteers came forward, from the hoplites Aristonymus of Methydrium and Agasias of Stymphalus, while in rivalry with them Callimachus of Parrhasia said that he was ready to make the expedition and take with him volunteers from the entire army; "for I know," he continued, "that many of the young men will follow if I am in the lead." (Xen.Anab. 4.1.26)


Arexion the Parrhasian


Musicians

ARKADIA (Ancient area) PELOPONNISOS

Echembrotus

Echembrotus, (Echembrotos), an Arcadian flute-player (auloidos), who gained a prize in the Pythian games about Ol. 48. 3 (B. C. 586), and dedicated a tripod to the Theban Heracles, with an inscription which is preserved in Pausanias (x. 7.3), and from which we learn that he won the prize by his melic poems and elegies, which were sung to the accompaniment of the flute.


Mitropoulos Dimitris

, , 1896 - 1960

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Agelaus, 6th century BC

Singer and guitar-player, the first to establish the guitar solo without the accompaniment of singing.


Clonas

Clonas (Klonas), a poet, and one of the earliest musicians of Greece, was claimed by the Arcadians as a native of Tegea, but by the Boeotians as a native of Thebes. His age is not quite certain; but he probably lived a little later than Terpander, or he was his younger contemporary (about 620 B. C.). He excelled in the music of the flute, which he is thought by some to have introduced into Greece from Asia. As might be expected from the connexion between elegiac poetry and the flute music, he is reckoned among the elegiac poets. Among the pieces of music which he composed was one called Elegos. To him are ascribed the invention of the Apothetos and Schoenium, and of Proshodiai. Mention is made of a choral song in which he used all the three ancient modes of music, so that the first strophe was Dorian, the second Phrygian, and the third Lydian. (Plut. de Mus.; Heracl. Pont.; Paus. x. 7.3).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


VASTAS (Village) MEGALOPOLI

Vassilis Papakonstantinou


Novelists

KARATOULAS (Village) ASTROS

Thassis Valtinos

, , 1932

Panou Giannis

, , 1943 - 1998

Painters

LEONIDIO (Small town) KYNOURIA

Nestor Varveris


Glinos Antonios

, , 1936 - 1998

Philosophers

MANTINIA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Diotima of Mantineia

Diotima, a priestess of Mantineia, and the reputed instructor of Socrates. Plato, in his Symposium, introduces her opinions on the nature, origin, and objects of life, which in fact form the nucleus of that dialogue. Some critics believe, that the whole story of Diotima is a mere fiction of Plato's, while others are inclined to see in it at least some historical foundation, and to regard her as an historical personage. Later Greek writers call her a priestess of the Lycaean Zeus, and state, that she was a Pythagorean philosopher who resided for some time at Athens. (Lucian, Eunuch. 7, Imag. 18; Max. Tyr. Dissert. 8 ; comp. Hermann, Gesch. u. System. d. Plat. Philos. i.; Ast, Leben u. Schriften Platos)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


, 470 - 410

  Diotima was likely a legendary character although she may have been modeled on Aspasia of Miletus. In Plato’s Symposium Socrates refers to Diotima in his speech on the nature and origin of love: [...]


Lastheneia

Lastheneia, a native of Mantineia, in Arcadia, mentioned by Iamblichus (Vit. Pyth. 36) as a follower of Pythagoras. Diogenes Laertius (iii. 46, iv. 2), on the other hand, speaks of her as a disciple of the Platonic philosophy, which is confirmed by other authorities. (Clemens Alex. Strom. iv.; Athen. xii., vii.)


MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Megalophanes and Ecdelus

Disciples of Arcesilaus and teachers of Philopoemen.


Demophanes

Demophanes, of Megalopolis, a Platonic philosopher, and a disciple of Arcesilas. (Plut. Philopoem. 1.) He and Ecdemus were the chief persons who delivered Megalopolis from the tyranny of Aristodemus, and also assisted Aratus in abolishing tyranny at Sicyon. For a time they were entrusted with the administration of the state of Cyrene, and Philopoemen in his youth had enand joyed their friendship. (Polyb. x. 25.)


Cercidas

Cercidas (Kerkidas), A poet, philosopher, and legislator for his native city, Megalopolis. He was a disciple of Diogenes, whose death he recorded in some Meliambic lines. (Diog. Laert. vi. 76.) He is mentioned and cited by Athenaeus (viii., xii.) and Stobaeus (iv. 43, lviii. 10). At his death he ordered the first and second books of the Iliad to be buried with him. (Ptol. Hephaest. ap. Phot. Cod. 190). Aelian (V. H. xiii. 20) relates that Cercidas died expressing his hope of being with Pythagoras of the philosophers, Hecatacus of the historians, Olympus of the musicians, and Homer of the poets, which clearly implies that he himself cultivated these four sciences. He appears to be the same person as Cereidas the Arcadian, who is mentioned by Demosthenes among those Greeks, who, by their cowardice and corruption, enslaved their states to Philip. (De Coron.; see the reply of Polybius to this accusation, xvii. 14.)


Crescens

Crescens a Cynic of Megalopolis, (probably the city in Arcadia, though some believe that Rome is meant by that appellation,) who lived in the middle of the second century after Christ, contemporary with Justin Martyr. The Christian writers speak of his character as perfectly infamous. By Tatian (Or. adv. Graec.) he is accused of the most flagrant enormities, and is described as a person who was not prevented by his cynical profession from being "wholly enslaved to the love of money". He attacked the Christians with great acrimony, calling them Atheists; but his charges were refuted by Justin, who tells us, that, in consequence of the refutation, he was apprehensive lest Crescens should plot his death. But whether he was really the cause of Justin's martyrdom or not is uncertain; for, although he is accused of this crime by Eusebius, yet the charge is only made to rest on a statement of Tatian, which however merely is, that "he who advised others to despise death, was himself so much in dread of death, that he plotted death for Justin as a very great evil", without a word as to the success of his intrigues. (Justin, Apolog. ii.; Euseb. H. E. iv. 16)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Playwrights

Synadinos Panagiotis

, , 1878 - 1959

Poets

ARKADIA (Ancient area) PELOPONNISOS

Agathyllus

(Agathullos), of Arcadia, a Greek elegiac poet, who is quoted by Dionysius in reference to the history of Aeneas and the foundation of Rome. Some of his verses are preserved by Dionysius. (i. 49, 72.)


Simopoulos Ilias

, , 1913

KATO ASSEA (Settlement) VALTETSI

Ouranis Kostas

, , 1890 - 1953

He was born in Konstantinoupolis in 1890. His father, Nikolaos Niarchos, came from Kounoupia in Kynouria and his mother, Angeliki Giannousi, from Leonidion in Arkadia.


MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Cercydas the Megalopolitan, 290-220 BC

Lyrical poet, supporter of the cynical philosophy and forerunner of the latin satire, along with Mennipus. He was in the army and also took action as a politician.


TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Aristarchus

Aristarchus. Contemporary also with Sophocles and Euripides was Aristarchus of Tegea, who lived to be a centenarian, to compose seventy pieces and to win two tragic victories. Only the titles of two of his plays, with a single line of the text, have come down to us, though his Achilles was freely borrowed by Ennius. Among his merits seems to have been that of brevity; for, as Suidas relates, he was "the first one to make his plays of the present length."

Alfred Bates, ed.
This text is cited Sept 2003 from the TheatreHistory URL below.


Aristarchus (Aristarchos), of Tegea, a tragic poet at Athens, was contemporary with Euripides, and flourished about 454 B. C. He lived to the age of a hundred. Out of seventy tragedies which he exhibited, only two obtained the prize (Suidas, s. v.; Euseb. Chiron. Arnen.). Nothing remains of his works, except a few lines (Stobaeus, Tit. 63.9, tit. 120.2; Athen. xiii.), and the titles of three of his plays, namely, the Asklepios, which he is said to have written and named after the god in gratitude for his recovery from illness (Suidas), the Achilleus, which Ennius translated into Latin (Festus, s. v. prolato aere,) and the Tantalos (Stobaeus, ii. 1.1).


Politicians

DORIZAS (Village) VALTETSI

Giannis Talaganis-Zevgos


KERASSITSA (Village) TEGEA

Labrakis Grigoris

, , 1912 - 1963

LAGADIA (Village) LAGADIA

Theodoros Diligiannis

, , 1823 - 1905
    English Greek

Deligiannis Anagnostis

, , 1771 - 1856

LEVIDI (Small town) MANTINIA

Papanastassiou Alexandros

, , 1876 - 1936

MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Philopoemen


   Philopoimen. A native of Megalopolis in Arcadia, one of the few great men that Greece produced in the decline of her political independence. The great object of his life was to infuse among the Achaeans a military spirit, and thereby to establish their independence on a firm and lasting basis. He was the son of Craugis, a distinguished man at Megalopolis, and was born about B.C. 252. He lost his father at an early age, and was brought up by Cleander, an illustrious citizen of Mantinea, who had been obliged to leave his native city, and had taken refuge at Megalopolis. He received instruction from Ecdemus and Demophanes, both of whom had studied the Academic philosophy under Arcesilaus. At an early age he became distinguished by his love of arms and his bravery in war. His name, however, first occurs in history in B.C. 222, when Megalopolis was taken by Cleomenes, and in the following year (221) he fought with conspicuous valour at the battle of Sellasia, in which Cleomenes was completely defeated. In order to gain additional military experience, he soon afterwards sailed to Crete, and served for some years in the wars between the cities of that island. On his return to his native country, in 210, he was appointed commander of the Achaean cavalry; and in 208 he was elected strategus, or general of the Achaean League. In this year he defeated Machanidas, tyrant of Lacedaemon, and slew him in battle with his own hand. In 201 he was again elected general of the league, when he defeated Nabis, who had succeeded Machanidas as tyrant of Lacedaemon. Soon afterwards Philopoemen took another voyage to Crete, and assumed the command of the forces of Gortyna. He did not return to Peloponnesus till 194. He was made general of the League in 192, when he again defeated Nabis, who was slain in the course of the year by some Aetolian mercenaries. Philopoemen was reelected general of the League several times afterwards; but the state of Greece did not afford him much further opportunity for the display of his military abilities. The Romans were now in fact the masters of Greece, and Philopoemen clearly saw that it would be an act of madness to offer open resistance to their authority. At the same time as the Romans still recognized in words the independence of the League, Philopoemen offered a resolute resistance to all their encroachments upon the liberties of his country, whenever he could do so without affording them any pretext for war. In 188, when he was general of the League, he took Sparta, and treated it with the greatest severity. He razed the walls and fortifications of the city, abolished the institutions of Lycurgus, and compelled the citizens to adopt the Achaean laws in their stead. In 183 the Messenians revolted from the Achaean League. Philopoemen, who was general of the League for the eighth time, hastily collected a body of cavalry, and pressed forward to Messene. He fell in with a large body of Messenian troops, by whom he was taken prisoner and carried to Messene. Here he was thrown into a dungeon, and was compelled by Dinocrates to drink poison. The news of his death filled the whole of Peloponnesus with grief and rage. An assembly was immediately held at Megalopolis; Lycortas was chosen general; and in the following year he invaded Messenia, which was laid waste far and wide; Dinocrates and the chiefs of his party were obliged to put an end to their lives. The remains of Philopoemen were conveyed to Megalopolis in solemn procession; and the urn which contained the ashes was carried by the historian Polybius. His remains were then interred at Megalopolis with heroic honours, and soon afterwards statues of him were erected in most of the towns belonging to the Achaean League. The life of Philopoemen is narrated by Plutarch.


POTAMIA (Village) FALESSIA

Ioannis G. Karatzaferis

Member of Parliament


Deligiorgis Epaminondas

, , 1829 - 1876

Six times prime minister of Greece.


Palamidis Rigas

, , 1794 - 1872

Politician of the 1821 Revolution.


Scientists

CHRANI (Village) MEGALOPOLI

Georgios Valkanas


Sculptors

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Cheirisophus

Cheirisophus (Cheirisophos), a statuary in wood and probably in stone. A gilt wooden statue of Apollo Agyieus, made by him, stood at Tegea, and near it was a statue in stone of the artist himself, which was most probably also his own work (Paus. viii. 53.3). Pausanias knew nothing of his age or of his teacher; but front the way in which he mentions him in connexion with the Cretan school of Daedalus, and from his working both in wood and stone, he is probably to be placed with the latest of the Daedalian sculptors, such as Dipoenus and Scyllis (about B. C. 566). Bockh, considers the erection by the artist of his own statue as an indication of a later date; but his arguments are satisfactoily answered by Thiersch, who also shews that the reply of Hermann to Bockh, that Pausanias does not say that Cheirisophus made his own statue, is not satisfactory. Thiersch has also observed, that the name of Cheirisophus, like many other names of the early artists, is significant of skill in art (cheip, sophos). Other names of the same kind are, Daedalus (Daidalos) the son of Eupalamus (Eupalamos), Eucheir (Eucheir), Chersiphron (Chersiphron), and others. Now, granting that Daedalus is nothing more than a mythological personage, and that his name was merely symbolical, there can be no doubt that others of these artists really existed and bore these names, which were probably given to them in their infancy because they belonged to families in which art was hereditary. Thiersch quotes a parallel case in the names taken from navigation among the maritime people of Phaeacia (Hom. Od. viii. 112, &c.).
  Pausanias mentions also two shrines of Dionysus, an altar of Cora, and a temple of Apollo, but the way in which he speaks leaves it doubtful whether Cheirisophus erected these, as well as the statue of Apollo, or only the statue.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Kossos Ioannis

, , 1830 - 1873

The first statue-maker of modern Greece.


Settlers

MENALOS (Ancient city) FALANTHOS

Hieronymus and Eucampidas

Maenalians, founders of Megalopolis (Paus. 8.27.2)


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