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Damocritus, (Damokritos). Of Calydon in Aetolia, was strategus of the Aetolians
in B. C. 200, and in the discussions as to whether an alliance should be formed
with the Romans, Damocritus, who was believed to have been bribed by the Macedonian
king, opposed the party inclined to negotiate with Rome. The year after this he
was among the ambassadors of the various Greek states that went to Rome. In B.
C. 193 he was sent by the Aetolians to Nabis, the tyrant of Sparta, whom he urged
on to make war against the Romans. The year after, when T. Quinctius Flamininus
went himself to Aetolia, to make a last attempt to win them over, Damocritus not
only opposed him along with the majority of his countrymen, but insulted him by
saying that he would soon settle all disputes on the banks of the Tiber. But things
turned out differently from what he expected: in B. C. 191 the Aetolians were
defeated at Heracleia, near mount Oeta, and Damocritus fell into the hands of
the Romans. He and the other leaders of the Aetolians were escorted to Rome by
two cohorts, and he was imprisoned in the Lautumiae. A few days before the celebration
of the triumph, which he was intended to adorn, he escaped from his prison by
night, but finding that he could not escape the guards who pursued him, he threw
himself upon his own sword and thus put an end to his life. (Liv. xxxi. 32, xxxv.
12, 33, xxxvi. 24, xxxvii. 3, 46; Polyb. xvii. 10, xxii. 14; Appian, de Reb. Syr.
21; Brandstater, Die Gesch. des Aetol. Landes, &c.)
This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith)
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