Biographies ETOLOAKARNANIA (Prefecture) GREECE - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Biographies (50)

Engravers

Katraki Vasso

, , 1914 - 1988

Famous families

Papastratos

AGRINIO (Town) ETOLOAKARNANIA

Valtinos Family

CHALKIOPOULI (Settlement) AMFILOCHIA

Fighters of the 1821 revolution

Stratos Giannakis

AMFILOCHIA (Municipality) ETOLOAKARNANIA
, , 1793 - 1848

Stratos Sotirios

, , 1790 - 1865
  Οπλαρχηγός της Ελληνικής Επανάστασης και στρατιωτικός της οθωνικής περιόδου. Πολέμησε στη Δυτική Στερεά Ελλάδα. Στα χρόνια του ´Oθωνα εντάχτηκε στην Βασιλική Φάλαγγα. Μετά την Eπανάσταση της 3ης Σεπτεμβρίου 1843 πολιτεύθηκε στο Βάλτο και εκλέχτηκε πληρεξούσιος στην Α´ Εθνοσυνέλευση.Το 1854 πήρε μέρος στα λυτρωτικά κινήματα των υποδούλων της Θεσσαλίας και της Ηπείρου.

Το κείμενο παρατίθεται τον Μάιο 2003 από την ακόλουθη ιστοσελίδα της Βουλής των Ελλήνων


Kapsalis Christos

MESSOLONGI (Town) ETOLOAKARNANIA
, , 1751 - 1826

Folklorists

Generals

Agetas

ETOLIA (Ancient area) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Agetas, commander-in-chief of the Aetolians in B. C. 217, made an incursion into Acarnania and Epirus, and ravaged both countries. (Polyb. v. 91. 96)

Alexamenus

Alexamenus (Alexamenos), was general of the Aetolians, B. C. 196 (Polyb. xviii. 26), and was sent by the Aetolians, in B. C. 192, to obtain possession of Lacedaemon. He succeeded in his object, and killed Nabis, the tyrant of Lacedaemon; but the Lacedaemonians rising against him shortly after, he and most of his troops were killed. (Liv. xxxv. 34-36.)

Alexander, surnamed Isius

Alexander (Alexandros), surnamed Isius, the chief commander of the Aetolians, was a man of considerable ability and eloquence for an Aetolian (Liv. xxxii. 33; Polyb. xvii. 3, &c.). In B. C. 198 he was present at a colloquy held at Nicaea on the Maliac gulf, and spoke against Philip III. of Macedonia, saying that the king ought to be compelled to quit Greece, and to restore to the Aetolians the towns which had formerly been subject to them. Philip, indignant at such a demand being made by an Aetolian, answered him in a speech from his ship (Liv. xxxii. 34). Soon after this meeting, he was sent as ambassador of the Aetolians to Rome, where, together with other envoys, he was to treat with the senate about peace, but at the same time to bring accusations against Philip (Polyb. xvii. 10). In B. C. 197, Alexander again took part in a meeting, at which T. Quinctius Flamininus with his allies and king Philip were present, and at which peace with Philip was discussed. Alexander dissuaded his friends from any peaceful arrangement with Philip (Polyb. xviii. 19, &c.; Appian, Maced. vii. 1). In B. C. 195, when a congress of all the Greek states that were allied with Rome was convoked by T. Quinctius Flamininus at Corinth, for the purpose of considering the war that was to be undertaken against Nabis, Alexander spoke against the Athenians, and also insinuated that the Romans were acting fraudulently towards Greece (Liv. xxxiv. 23). When in B. C. 189 M. Fulvius Nobilior, after his victory over Antiochus, was expected to march into Aetolia, the Aetolians sent envoys to Athens and Rhodes; and Alexander Isius, together with Phaneas and Lycopus, were sent to Rome to sue for peace. Alexander, now an old man, was at the head of the embassy; but he and his colleagues were made prisoners in Cephalenia by the Epeirots, for the purpose of extorting a heavy ransom. Alexander, however, although he was very wealthy, refused to pay it, and was accordingly kept in captivity for some days, after which he was liberated, at the command of the Romans, without any ransom (Polyb. xxii. 9).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Archedemus

Archedemus. An Aetolian (called Archidamus by Livy), who commanded the Aetolian troops which assisted the Romans in their war with Philip. In B. C. 199 he compelled Philip to raise the siege of Thaumaci (Liv. xxxii. 4), and took an active part in the battle of Cynoscephalae, B. C. 197, in which Philip was defeated. (Polyb. xviii. 4.) When the war Broke out between the Romans and the Aetolians, he was sent as ambassador to the Achaeans to solicit their assistance, B. C. 192 (Liv. xxxv. 48); and on the defeat of Antiochus the Great in the following year, he went as ambassador to the consul M'. Acilius Glabrio to sue for peace. (Polyb. xx. 9.) In B. C. 169 he was denounced to the Romans by Lyciscus as one of their enemies. (Polyb. xxviii. 4.) he joined Perseus the same year, and accompanied the Macedonian King in his flight after his defeat in 168. (Liv. xliii. 23, 24, xliv. 43.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Ariston

Ariston, a strategus of the Aetoliansin B. C. 221, who, labouring under some bodily defect, left the command of the troops to Scopas and Dorimachus, while he himself remained at home. Notwithstanding the declarations of the Achaeans to regard every one as an enemy who should trespass upon the territories of Messenia or Achaia, the Aetolian commanders invaded Peloponnesus, and Ariston was stupid enough, in the face of this fact, to assert that the Aetolians and Achaeans were at peace with each other. (Polyb. iv. 5, 9, 17)

Eupolemus

Eupolemus. A general of the Aetolians, who defended Ambracia against the Roman army under M. Fulvius, B. C. 189. (Liv. xxxviii. 4-10.) When peace was granted to the Aetolians, he was carried off a prisoner to Rome, together with the Aetolian general-in-chief, Nicander. (Polyb. xxviii. 4.) It is not improbable that this was the same person with the preceding.

Euripidas

Euripidas or Euripides, an Aetolian, who, when his countrymen, with the help of Scerdilaidas the Illyrian, had gained possession of Cynaetha, in Arcadia (B. C. 220), was at first appointed governor of the town; but the Aetolians soon after set fire to it, fearing the arrival of the Macedonian succours for which Aratus had applied. In the next year, B. C. 219, being sent as general to the Eleans, then allied with Aetolia, he ravaged the lands of Dyme, Pharae, and Tritaea, defeated Miccus, the lieutenant-general of the Achaeans, and seized an ancient stronghold, named Teichos, near Cape Araxus, whence he infested the enemy's territory more effectually. In the winter of the same year he advanced from Psophis, in Arcadia, where he had his head-quarters, to invade Sicyonia, having with him a body of 2200 foot and 100 horse. During the night he passed the encampment of the Macedonians, in the Phliasian territory, without being aware of their vicinity; on discovering which from some foragers in the morning, he hastened back, hoping to pass them again, and to arrive at Psophis without an engagement; but, falling in with them in the passes of Mount Apelaurus, between Phlius and Stymphalus, he basely deserted his troops, and made his escape to Psophis, with a small number of horsemen, while almost all the Eleans were either cut to pieces by the Macedonians, or perished among the mountains. Philip then advanced on Psophis, and compelled it to capitulate, Euripidas being allowed to return in safety to Aetolia. In B. C. 217 we find him acting again as general of the Eleans, who had requested that he might be sent to supersede Pyrrhias. He ravaged Achaia in this campaign, but was pursued and defeated by Lycus, the lieutenant-general of the Achaeans. (Polyb. iv. 19, 59, 69-72, v. 94, 95.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Lyciscus

Lyciscus. An Aetolian, a partisan of Rome, was made general of the Aetolians, in B. C. 171, through the influence of Q. Marcius and A. Atilius, two of the Roman commissioners sent to Greece in that year, (Liv. xlii. 38.) In B. C. 167, the Aetolians complained to Aemilius Paullus, then making a progress through Greece, that Lyciscus and Tisippus had caused 550 of their senators to be slain by Roman soldiers, lent them by Baebius for the purpose, while they had driven others into banishment and seized their property. But the murder and violence had been perpetrated against partisans of Perseus and opponents of Rome, and the Roman commissioners at Amphipolis decided that Lyciscus and Tisippus were justified in what they had done. Baebius only was condemned for having supplied Roman soldiers as the instruments of the murder. (Liv. xlv. 28, 31.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Damocritus

KALYDON (Ancient city) IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU
Damocritus, (Damokritos). Of Calydon in Aetolia, was strategus of the Aetolians in B. C. 200, and in the discussions as to whether an alliance should be formed with the Romans, Damocritus, who was believed to have been bribed by the Macedonian king, opposed the party inclined to negotiate with Rome. The year after this he was among the ambassadors of the various Greek states that went to Rome. In B. C. 193 he was sent by the Aetolians to Nabis, the tyrant of Sparta, whom he urged on to make war against the Romans. The year after, when T. Quinctius Flamininus went himself to Aetolia, to make a last attempt to win them over, Damocritus not only opposed him along with the majority of his countrymen, but insulted him by saying that he would soon settle all disputes on the banks of the Tiber. But things turned out differently from what he expected: in B. C. 191 the Aetolians were defeated at Heracleia, near mount Oeta, and Damocritus fell into the hands of the Romans. He and the other leaders of the Aetolians were escorted to Rome by two cohorts, and he was imprisoned in the Lautumiae. A few days before the celebration of the triumph, which he was intended to adorn, he escaped from his prison by night, but finding that he could not escape the guards who pursued him, he threw himself upon his own sword and thus put an end to his life. (Liv. xxxi. 32, xxxv. 12, 33, xxxvi. 24, xxxvii. 3, 46; Polyb. xvii. 10, xxii. 14; Appian, de Reb. Syr. 21; Brandstater, Die Gesch. des Aetol. Landes, &c.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Alexander

TRICHONION (Ancient city) IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU
Alexander, of Trichonium in Aetolia, was commander of the Aetolians in B. C. 218 and 219. He attacked the rear of the army of Philip on his return from Thermus, but the attempt was unsuccessful, and many Aetolians fell. (Polyb. v. 13)

Literary figures

Men in the armed forces

Dorimachus

TRICHONION (Ancient city) IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU
Dorimachus, (Dorimachos), less properly Dorymachus (Dorumachos), a native of Trichonium, in Aetolia, and son of Nicostratus, was sent out, in B. C. 221, to Phigalea, on the Messenian border, with which the Aetolians had a league of sympolity, ostensibly to defend the place, but in reality to watch affairs in the Peloponnesus with a view of fomenting a war, for which his restless countrymen were anxious. A number of freebooters flocked together to him, and he connived at their plundering the territory of the Messenians, with whom Aetolia was in alliance. All complaints he received at first with neglect, and afterwards (when he had gone to Messene, on pretence of investigating the matter) with insult. The Messenians, however, and especially Sciron, one of their ephori, behaved with such spirit that Dorimachus was compelled to yield, and to promise satisfaction for the injuries done; but he had been treated with indignity, which he did not forget, and he resolved to bring about a war with Messenia. This he was enabled to do through his kinsman Scopas, who administered the Aetolian government at the time, and who, without waiting for any decree of the Assembly, or for the sanction of the select council (Apokletol; see Polyb. xx. 1; Liv. xxxv. 34), commenced hostilities, not against Messenia only, but also against the Epeirots, Achaeans, Acarnanians, and Macedonians. In the next year, B. C. 220, Dorimachus invaded the Peloponnesus with Scopas, and defeated Aratus, at Caphyae. He took part also in the operations in which the Aetolians were joined by Scerdilaidas, the Illyrian,--the capture and burning of Cynaetha, in Arcadia, and the baffled attempt on Cleitor,--and he was one of the leaders of the unsuccessful expedition against Aegeira in B. C. 219. In the autumn of the same year, being chosen general of the Aetolians, he ravaged Epeirus, and destroyed the temple at Dodona. In B. C. 218 he invaded Thessaly, in the hope of drawing Philip away from the siege of Palus, in Cephallenia, which he was indeed obliged to relinquish, in consequence of the treachery of Leontius, but he took advantage of the absence of Dorimachus to make an incursion into Aetolia, advancing to Thermum, the capital city, and plundering it. Dorimachus is mentioned by Livy as one of the chiefs through whom M. Valerius Laevinus, in B. C. 211, concluded a treaty of alliance with Aetolia against Philip, from whom he vainly attempted, in B. C. 210, to save the town of Echinus, in Thessaly. In B. C. 204 he and Scopas were appointed by the Aetolians to draw up new laws to meet the general distress, occasioned by heavy debts, with which the two commissioners themselves were severely burdened. In B. C. 196 Dorimachus was sent to Egypt to negotiate terms of peace with Ptolemy V. (Epiphanes), his mission probably having reference to the conditions of amity between Ptolemy and Antiochus the Great, to whom the Aetolians were now looking for support against Rome. (Polyb. iv. 3-13, 16-19, 57,58, 67, 77; v. i. 3, 4-9. 11, 17; ix. 42; xiii. 1; xviii. 37; xx. 1; Fragm. Hist. 68; Liv. xxvi. 24; Brandstater, Gesch. des Aetol. Landes.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Musicians

Novelists

Panagiotopoulos Ioannis

ETOLIKO (Town) IERA POLIS MESSOLONGIOU
, , 1901 - 1982

Painters

Playwrights

Melas Spyros

NAFPAKTOS (Town) ETOLOAKARNANIA
, , 1882 - 1966

Poets

Byron, George Gordon Noel

MESSOLONGI (Town) ETOLOAKARNANIA
, , 1788 - 1824

Kostis Palamas

, , 1859 - 1943

Malakassis Miltiadis

, , 1869 - 1943

Golfis Rigas

, , 1886 - 1958

Athanassiadis-Novas Georgios, "Athanas Giorgos"

NAFPAKTOS (Town) ETOLOAKARNANIA
, , 1893 - 1987

Carcinus

NAFPAKTOS (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Carcinus, of Naupactus, is mentioned by Pausanias (x. 38.6) among the cyclic poets; and Charon of Lampsacus, before whose time Carcinus must have lived, attributed to him the epic poem Naupaktria, which all others ascribed to a Milesian poet.

Alexander Aetolus, 4th c. B.C.

PLEVRON (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Alexander Aetolus (Alexandros ho Aitolos), a Greek poet and grammarian, who lived in the reign of Ptolemaeus Philadelphus. He was the son of Satyrus and Stratocleia, and a native of Pleuron in Aetolia, but spent the greater part of his life at Alexandria, where he was reckoned one of the seven tragic poets who constituted the tragic pleiad (Suid. s. v.; Eudoc. p. 62; Paus. ii. 22.7; Schol. ad Hom. Il. xvi. 233). He had an office in the library at Alexandria, and was commissioned by the king to make a collection of all the tragedies and satyric dramas that were extant. He spent some time, together with Antagoras and Aratus, at the court of Antigonus Gonatas.Notwithstanding the distinction he enjoyed as a tragic poet, he appears to have had greater merit as a writer of epic poems, elegies, epigrams, and cynaedi. Among his epic poems, we possess the titles and some fragments of three pieces: the Fisherman (halieus, Athen. vii.), Kirka or Krika (Athen. vii.), which, however, is designated by Athenaeus as doubtful, and Helena. Of his elegies, some beautiful fragments are still extant. His Cynaedi, or Ionika poiemata, are mentioned by Strabo (xiv.) and Athenaeus. (xiv.). Some anapaestic verses in praise of Euripides are preserved in Gellius (xv. 20).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Politicians

Manginas Anastassios

ASTAKOS (Small town) ETOLOAKARNANIA
, , 1792 - 1880

Kaloudiotis Dimitris

KALOUDI (Village) ETOLOAKARNANIA
, , 1947
General Secretary of the Ministry of Development

Trikoupis Spyridon

MESSOLONGI (Town) ETOLOAKARNANIA
, , 1788 - 1873

Katsotas Pausanias

STAMNA (Village) ETOLIKON
, , 1893 - 1991

Related to the place

Asopius

NAFPAKTOS (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Asopius, son of Phormion, was, at the request of the Acarnanians who wished to have one of Phormion's family in the command, sent by the Athenians in the year following his father's naval victories, B. C. 428 (the 4th of the Peloponnesian war), with some ships to Naupactus. He fell shortly after in an unsuccessful attempt on the Leucadian coast. (Thuc. iii. 7.)

Scholars

Travlantonis Antonis

, , 1867 - 1943

Sculptors

Menaechmus and Soidas

NAFPAKTOS (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Naupactian sculptors.

Seers

Amphilytus

AKARNANIA (Ancient area) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Amphilytus (Amphilutos), a celebrated seer in the time of Peisistratus. Herodotus (i. 62) calls him an Acarnanian, but Plato (Theag.) and Clemens Alexandrinus (Strom. i.) speak of him as an Athenian. He may have been originally an Acarnanian, and perhaps received the franchise at Athens from Peisistratus. This supposition removes the necessity of Valckenaer's emendation.

Tyrants

Evarchus

ASTAKOS (Ancient city) ETOLOAKARNANIA
Evarchus, (Euarchos), tyrant of the Acarnanian town of Astacus in the first year of the Peloponnesian war, B. C. 431, was ejected by the Athenians in the summer and reinstated in the winter by the Corinthians. (Thuc. i. 30, 33.) Nothing is mentioned further either of him or of Astacus, but it is probable that the Athenian interest was soon restored. (Comp. i. 102.)

Writers

Kostas Skaltsas

ELATOU (Village) NAFPAKTOS
, , 1901 - 1941
Kostas Skaltsas was born in 1901 in Elatou. He finished the Greek School (Secondary School) in Terpsithea. In 1919 he was enlisted in the Constabulary and after a while was appointed Sergeant in Macedonia. He was married in Kavala and in 1930 was writing articles in the newspaper «Ethnos» of Athens. He edited the books «History of Kavala», «Olympia» and «Epidavros». Afterwards he came to Athens, where he became member of the Nafpaktian Association. When the Great War began he went to the first line as a correspondent of «Ethnos». He got sick because of the hardship and the energetic journalist and writer died in 1941.

Athanassiadis-Novas Themistoklis

NAFPAKTOS (Town) ETOLOAKARNANIA
, , 1896 - 1961

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