Asbystae (Asbustai, Herod. iv. 170, 171; Lycophr. Alex. 895; Asbutai,
Ptol. iv. 4. § 10), a Libyan tribe, in the inland parts of Cyrenaica, S. of Cyrene,
and W. of the Giligammae; distinguished above the other Libyan tribes for their
skill in the use of four-horsed chariots. (Herod. l. c.) Dionysius Periegetes
(211) names them next to the Nasamones, inland (mesepeiroi). Pliny also places
them next to the Nasamones, but apparently to the W. of them (v. 5). Ptolemy's
position for them, E. of the mountains overhanging the Gardens of the Hesperides,
agrees well enough with that of Herodotus. Stephanus Byzantinus mentions a city
of Libya, named Asbysta (Asbusta, Eth. Asbustes), and quotes the following line
hoie te Tritonos eph hudasin Asbustao:
- where the mention of the Triton is not at all inconsistent with the position of the Asbystae, as deter-mined by the other writers ; for the Triton is frequently placed near the Gardens of the Hesperides, on the W. coast of Cyrenaica.
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Auschisae (Auschisai, Herod. iv. 171; Auschitai, Apollod. ap. Steph.
B.; Auchisai, Diod. Sic. iii. 42; Auchitai, Ptol. iv. 5. § 21; Auchetai, Nonn.
Dionys. xiii. 375), a Libyan people in Cyrenaica, W. of the Asbystae extending
S. of Barca as far W. as the Hesperides (aft. Berenice), on the coast of the Greater
Syrtis. Ptolemy alone places them in Marmarica.
There are some exceedingly interesting remains of forts, of an extremely ancient style of building, which are fully described by Barth, who regards them as works of the Auschisae, and fortifies his opinion by the statement of Pliny (iv. 1), that it was the common custom of the Libyan tribes to build forts. (Beechey, Proceedings of the Expedition to explore the N. coast of Africa, pp. 251, 252; Barth, Wanderungen, &c. p. 354.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited October 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
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