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Religious figures biography (17)


Serafim (Vissarion Tikas)

, , 1913 - 1998


Georgius, of Corcyra, or Corfu. Two archbishops of the name of George occupied the see of Corcyra, one in the twelfth, and one in the thirteenth century. The elder of the two was in favour with the emperor Manuel Comnenus, who gave him the charge of fortifying the town of Corfu, which Manuel had taken from the Normans of Southern Italy. The emperor Frederick Barbarossa, who had hostile intentions against Manuel, endeavoured to induce George to betray the island to him, but in vain. George's answer is preserved by Baronius. George was sent A. D. 1178 by Manuel to attend the third Lateran (eleventh General) Council at Rome, and also to meet Frederick Barbarossa ; but he was detained six months by sickness at Brindisi or Otranto, and the council was closed before his recovery. He was therefore recalled by Manuel. Baronius gives a Latin version of several of George's letters. (Baron. Annal. Eccles. ad Annos 1176, 1178, 1179, 1180, 1188; Allatius, ibid. p. 38. &c.; Cave, Hist. Litt. vol. ii.; Ondin, Comment de Script. Eccles. vol. ii. col. 1536.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Georgius the Younger

Georgius, of Corcyra, or Corfu, the younger, was the author of several works, especially of one against the Minorite Friars, and of another on the use of leavened bread in the eucharist. Allatius and Cave confound this George of Corfu with the preceding, but Oudin has shown that they must be distinguished, and fixes the date of the younger about A. D. 1236. Allatius, in some of his works, has quoted passages from George of Corfu on the procession of the Holy Spirit, and on the fire of purgatory, but we have no means of ascertaining to which of the two these passages belong. (Allatius and Cave, ll. cc.; Oudin, l. c. and vol. iii. col. 110.)

Andreas, archbishop of Crete

Andreas, archbishop of Crete, was a native of Damascus. He was first a monk at Jerusalem, whence he is called in some ancient writings " of Jerusalem" (Hierosolumites, ho Hierosolumon), then a deacon at Constantinople, and lastly archbishop of Crete. His time is rather doubtful, but Cave has shewn that he probably flourished as early as A. D. 635. (Hist. Lit. sub ann.) In 680 he was sent by Theodorus, the patriarch of Jerusalem, to the 6th council of Constantinople, against the Monothelites, where he was ordained a deacon. Some Iambics are still extant in which he thanks Agathe, the keeper of the documents, for communicating to him the acts of the synod. It seems to have been soon after this council that he was made archbishop of Crete. A doubtful tradition relates that he died on the 14th of June, 724 (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. xi.). The works ascribed to him, consisting of Homilies, and Triodia and other hymns, were published by Combefisius, Par. 1644. A " Computus Paschalis," ascribed to Andreas, was published in Greek and Latin by Petavius. There is great doubt as to the genuineness of several of these works.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Leon Magentenus

Magentenus, a commentator on Aristotle, flourished during the first half of the fourteenth century. He was a monk, and afterwards archbishop of Mitylene. Several of his commentaries on Aristotle are extant, and have been published

Chrysostomus I

, , 1868 - 1938

Athenagoras II

, , 1912 - 1979
Archbishop of Thyateira and Great Britain

Serapheim 16th-17th century

Archbishop of Fanari and Neochori of Thessaly


   (Eustathios). An archbishop of Thessalonica, who flourished in the twelfth century under the emperors Manuel, Alexius, and Andronicus Comnenus. He is celebrated for his erudition as a grammarian, and is especially known as a commentator on Homer and Dionysius the geographer. It is evident, however, that in the former of these commentaries (Parekbolai) he is largely indebted to the Deipnosophistae of Athenaeus. The commentary of Eustathius was united to the edition of Homer which appeared at Rome (1542-50) in 3 vols., and was reprinted at Basle (1560), also in 3 vols. The best edition is the Leipzig one of 1825-30, 6 vols., by G. Stallbaum; for that of Politus, undertaken in 1730, with a Latin version, was never finished. The three volumes of it which appeared at Florence (1730-35) extend only to the end of the fifth book of the Iliad. Muller and Baumgarten-Crusius have performed a valuable service for the student, in publishing extracts from Eustathius along with the text of the Iliad and Odyssey. The commentary on Dionysius is less valuable, from the scanty nature, most probably, of the materials employed. A commentary on Pindar is lost, with the exception of the Prooemium, which has been edited by Schneidewin (Gottingen, 1837). Some letters of the archbishop are to be found in the public libraries of Europe, of which a part was edited by Tafel in 1832. Eustathius died about the year 1194.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Eustathius. Archbishop of Thessalonica, was a native of Constantinople, and lived during the latter half of the twelfth century. At first he was a monk in the monastery of St. Florus, but afterwards he was appointed to the offices of superintendent of petitions (eoia ton deeseon), professor of rhetoric (maistor rhetoron), and diaconus of the great church of Constantinople. After being bishop elect of Myra, he was at once raised to the archbishopric of Thessalonica, in which office he remained until his death in A. D. 1198. The funeral orations which were delivered upon him by Euthymius and Michael Choniates are still extant in MS. in the Bodleian Library at Oxford. The praise which is bestowed upon him by Nicetas Choniates (viii., x.) and Michael Psellus (Du Cange, Glossar. s. v. rhetor) is perfectly justified by the works of Eustathius that have come down to us: they contain the amplest proofs that he was beyond all dispute the most learned man of his age. His works consist of commentaries on ancient Greek poets, theological treatises, homilies, epistles, &c., the first of which are to us the most important. These commentaries shew that Eustathius possessed the most extensive knowledge of Greek literature, from the earliest to the latest times; while his other works exhibit to us the man's high personal character, and his great power as an orator, which procured him the esteem of the imperial family of the Comneni. The most important of all his works is, 1. His commentary on the Iliad and Odyssey (Parekbolai eis ten Homerou Iliada ksi Odusseian), or rather his collection of extracts from earlier commentators of those two poems. This vast compilation was made with the most astonishing diligence and perseverance from the numerous and extensive works of the Alexandrian grammarians and critics, as well as from later commentators; and as nearly all the works from which Eustathius made his extracts are lost, his commentary is of incalculable value to us, for he has preserved at least the substance of their remarks and criticisms. The number of authors whose works he quotes, is prodigious (see the list of them in Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. i.); but although we may admit that he had not read all of them, and that he quoted some at second-hand, yet there seems to be no sufficient reason for believing that he was not personally acquainted with the greatest of the ancient critics, such as Aristophanes of Byzantium, Aristarchus, Zenodotus and others, whose works were accessible to him in the great libraries of Constantinople. If, on the other hand, we look upon the work as a commentary, and estimate it by the standard of what a good commentary should be, we find it extremely deficient in plan and method; the author, however, cannot be blamed for these deficiencies, as his title does not lead us to expect a regular commentary. His remarks are, further, exceedingly diffuse, and frequently interrupted by all kinds of digressions; the many etymological and grammatical fancies which we meet with in his work are such as we might expect. There is very little in the commentary that is original, or that can be regarded as the opinion of Eustathius himself. He incorporated in it everything which served to illustrate his author, whether it referred to the language or grammar, or to mythology, history, and geography. The first edition of it was published at Rome, 1542-1550, in 4 vols. fol., of which an inaccurate reprint appeared at Basle in 1559-60. The Florence edition by A. Potitus (1730, 3 vols. fol.), contains only the commentary to the first five books of the Iliad with a Latin translation. A tolerably correct reprint of the Roman edition was published at Leipzig in two sections; the first, containing the commentary on the Odyssey in 2 vols. 4to., appeared in 1825-26, and the second, or the commentary on the Iliad, in 3 vols. 4to. was edited by G. Stalbaum, 1827-29. Useful extracts from the commentary of Eustathius are contained in several editions of the Homeric poems. 2. A commentary on Dionysius Periegetes, dedicated to Joannes Ducas, the son of Andronicus Camaterus, is on the whole of the same kind and of the same diffuseness as the commentary on Homer. Its great value consists in the numerous extracts from earlier writers to illustrate the geography of Dionysius. It was first printed in R. Stephens's edition of Dionysius (Paris, 1547, 4to.), and afterwards also in that of H. Stephens (Paris, 1577, 4to., and 1697, 8vo.), in Hudson's Geograph. Minor. vol. iv., and lastly, in Bernhardy's edition of Dionysius (Leipzig, 1828, 8vo.). 3. A commentarv on Pindar, which however seems to be lost, at least no MS. of it has yet come to light. The intrtoduction to it, however, is still extant, and was first edited by Tafel in his Eustathii Thessalonicensis Opuscula, Frankfurt, 1832, 4to., from which it was reprinted separately by Schneidewin, Eustalhiiprooenium commentariorum Pindaricorum, Gottingen, 1837, 8vo. The other works of Eustathius which were published for the first time by Tafel in the Opuscula just mentioned, are chiefly of a theological nature; there is, however, among them one which is of great historical interest, viz. the account of the taking of Thessalonica by the Normans in A. D. 1185.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Cabasilas, Neilus

Cabasilas, Neilus (Neilos Kabasilas), archbishop of Thessalonica, lived according to some about A. D. 1314, and according to others somewhat later, about 1340, in the reign of the emperor Joannes Cantacuzenus. He was a bitter opponent of the doctrines of the Latin Church, whence he is severely censured by modern writers of that church, whereas Greek and even Protestant writers speak of him in terms of high praise. Cabasilas is the author of several works, of which, however, two only have yet appeared in print. 1. An oration on the cause of the schism between the Latin and Greek churches (peri ton aition tes ekklesiastikes diastaseos), and 2. A small work on the primacy of the pope (peri tes arches tou papa). The first edition of the latter treatise, with a Latin translation by Mathias Flacius, appeared at Frankfurt in 1555, in small 8vo. This was followed by the editions of B. Vulcanius, Lugd. Bat. 1595, 8vo. and of Salmasius, Hanover, 1608, 8vo. This last edition contains also a work of Barlaam, on the same subject, with notes by the editor, and also the first edition of the oration of Cabasilas on the schism between the two churches, which Salmasius has printed as the second book of the work on the primacy of the pope. Of this latter work there is an English translation by Thomas Gressop, London, 1560, 8vo. A list of the works of Neilus Cabasilas which have not yet been printed is given by Fabricius. (Bibl. Graec. x. p. 20, &c.; comp. Wharton's Appendix to Cave's Hist. Lit. i. p. 34, &c., vol. ii. p. 521, &c. ed. London.)

Cabasilas, Nicolaus

Cabasilas, Nicolaus (Nikolaos Kabasilas), archbishop of Thessalonica, was the nephew and successor of Neilus Cabasilas, with whom he has often been confounded. He lived about A. D. 1350. He first held a high office at the imperial court of Constantinople, and in that capacity he was sent in 1346 by Joannes, patriarch of Constantinople, to the emperor Cantacuzenus to induce him to resign the imperial dignity. In the year following he was sent by the emperor Cantacuzenus himself, who had then conquered and entered the city, to the palace of the empress Anna, to lay before her the terms of peace proposed by the conqueror. (Cantacuz. Hist. Byz. iv. 39, &c., xiv. 16.) Nicolaus Cabasilas, who was a man of great learning, wrote several works, of which however only a few have been published, perhaps because he was, like his uncle, a vehement antagonist of the Latin church. The following works have appeared in print: 1. Hermeneia kephaleiodes, &c., that is, a compendious explanation of the holy mass or liturgy. It first appeared in a Latin translation by Gentianus Heruetianns, Venice, 1548, 8vo., from whence it was reprinted in the "Liturgia SS. Patrum," edited by J. S. Andreas and F. C. de Sainctes, Paris, 1560, fol., and Antwerp, 1562, 8vo., and also in the Biblioth. Patr. xxvi. p. 173, ed. Lugd. The Greek original was first edited by Fronto Ducaeus in the Auctarium to the Bibl. Patr. of 1624, vol. ii. p. 200, &c. 2. A work on the life of Christ, in six books, in which, however, the author treats principally of baptism, the last unction, and the eucharist. This work is as yet published only in a Latin version by J. Pontanus, together with some other works, and also an oration of Nicol. Cabasilas against usury, Ingolstadt, 1604, 4to. From this edition it was reprinted in the Bibl. Patr. xxvi. p. 136, ed. Lugd. In some MSS. this work consists of seven books, but the seventh has never appeared in print. 3. An oration on Usury and against Usurers, of which a Latin translation was published by J. Pontanus together with Cabasilas' life of Christ. The Greek original of this oration appeared at August. Vindel. 1595 by D. Hoeschel, and was afterwards published in a more correct form, together with the oration of Epiphanius on the burial of Christ, by S. Simonides, Samoscii, 1604, 4to. The many other orations and theological works of Nicolaus Cabasilas, which have not yet been printed, are enumerated in Fabric. Bibl. Grace. x. p. 25. &c.; comp. Wharton's Appendix to Cave's Hist. Lit. i. p. 44. ed. London.

Symeon of Thessalonica (d. 1429)


Ignatius of Xanthopuli

Ignatius of Xanthopuli, a monasteryapparently at or near Constantinople, was the friend of Callistus II., patriarch of Constantinople, who occupied that see about the close of the 14th or the beginning of the 15th century. Callistus had been amonk of the same monastery, and the two friends were united in the authorship of a work recommending a monastic life, and giving directions for it. The work is cited by their contemporary Symeon, archbishop of Thessalonica, in his Ecclesiasticus Dialogus adversus omnes Haereses. (Allatius, De Symeonibus; Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. vii.)
  There were three Ignatii, respectively described as Chrysopolitanus Abbas, Metropolita Claudiopolitanus, and Lophorum Episcopus, among the correspondents of Photius, in the ninth century (Photius, Epistolae, ed. Montacutii); and an Ignatius Abbas (not to be confounded with No. 6) among the correspondents of Theodore Studita in the eighth or ninth century. (Theodorus Studita, Epistolae, lib. ii. ep. 24, apud Sirmond, Opera Varia, vol. v.) Several ancient Oriental writers and prelates of the name, Syrians or Armenians, are mentioned by Assemani in his Bibliotheca Orientalis. The liturgies composed by some of these are given in a Latin version in Renaudot's Liturg. Orient. (Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. vii.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Jan 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Hieronymos (secular surname Cotsonis)

Archbishop of Athens (1967-1973)

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