The port city of Delphi, confused even in antiquity with Krisa, leading
to speculation in modern times as to whether there were indeed two separate cities.
Krisa was known to Homer and Pindar; it has been identified with fortification
walls at Haghios Georgios on a mountain spur near modern Chryso, several km from
the sea. Pindar locates the hippodrome, also seen by Pausanias, at the foot of
the acropolis; although he refers to the Kirrhan Games, the plain and gulf continued
to take their names from Krisa. Since excavation it has been concluded that Haghios
Georgios was occupied only in the prehistoric period, except for small sanctuaries
indicated, for example, by a double altar with an archaic dedication to Hera and
Athena. Kirrha is known to have thrived in the 7th c. B.C., levying tolls on pilgrims
to Delphi until the city was destroyed by the Amphictyonic League in the First
Sacred War about 600 B.C. The site of the archaic city has not been located; it
was probably close to the shore between the modern towns of Itea and Kirrha (formerly
Xeropigadi) to the E. Excavations at Kirrha produced nothing earlier than the
second quarter of the 6th c., when the necessity for a port presumably resulted
in the rebuilding of the town. At Magoula, on the N or landward side of Kirrha,
excavations produced material from early prehistoric periods as well as remains
of the 4th c. wall. A large sanctuary, surrounded by colonnades providing accommodations
for pilgrims, may be the Temple Precinct of Apollo, Artemis, and Leto seen by
Pausanias at Kirrha. Various naval buildings and Roman baths have been discovered
near the sea.
M. H. Mc Allister, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites,
Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from
Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.