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Listed  39  sub titles with search on: History
for destination:  "ARCADIA , Prefecture , PELOPONISSOS " .
History (39)
   Alliances (1)
   Antiquity (2)
   Battles (10)
   Benefactors of the place (2)
   Catastrophes of the place (1)
   Colonizations by the inhabitants (1)
   Foundation/Settlement of the place (1)
   Links (1)
   Nations & tribes (1)
   Official pages (3)
   Participation in the fights of the Greeks (7)
   Remarkable selections (1)
   Roman period (31 BC-324 AD) (1)
   Settlers (1)
   Text extracts (1)
   The place was conquered by: (2)
   Various (1)
   Victories (2)

History (39)

 Alliances

ARKADIA (Ancient area) PELOPONISSOS

The Arcadian League
   The Arcadian League, established some time after the battle of Leuctra (B.C. 371), when the victory of Epaminondas had destroyed the supremacy of Sparta in the Peloponnesus and restored the independence of the Arcadian towns. The Arcadian League succeeded in giving unity to the Arcadians for only a short time, however, and its influence soon declined.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... English
 Antiquity

ATHINEON (Ancient city) VALTETSI

In 227 BC the settlement was seized by Cleomenes of Sparta and this was the reason for the Cleomenian war. In 223 BC Antigonus Doson, who had taken the settlement, gave it back to the Megalopolitans.

EGYTIS (Ancient area) ARKADIA

The place was under Spartan dominion until Epaminondas helped the Arcadians take it and annex it to Megalopolis (Papyrus-Larousse-Britannica Encyclopedia, p. 332).
 Battles

DIPEA (Ancient city) FALANTHOS

The battle of Dipaia (471 BC)
The Lacedaemonians, hearing of the oracle the Pythian priestess had given to Tisamenus, persuaded him to migrate from Elis and to be state-diviner at Sparta. And Tisamenus won them five contests in war. The first was at Plataea against the Persians; the second was at Tegea, when the Lacedaemonians had engaged the Tegeans and Argives; the third was at Dipaea, an Arcadian town in Maenalia, when all the Arcadians except the Mantineans were arrayed against them.
Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Laconia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... EnglishPerseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English

KROMI (Ancient city) FALESSIA

Battle between Arcadians and Eleans
The Arcadians made another expedition into Elis. While they were encamped between Cyllene and the capital, the Eleans made an attack upon them, but the Arcadians defeated them. By this time the Lacedaemonians were allies of the Eleans. And now the Eleans sent ambassadors and asked the Lacedaemonians to take the field against the Arcadians, believing that the Arcadians would be most likely to give up the struggle. Archidamus took the field with the citizen troops and seized Cromnus. But the Arcadians, gathered together as they were came to the rescue and surrounded Cromnus with a double stockade, and besieged the people in Cromnus.
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English

MANTINIA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Battle of Mantinea, 362 BC.
Stalemate after the Battle of Mantinea
   The alliances of the various city-states shifted often in the repeated conflicts that took place in Greece during these early decades of the fourth century B.C. The threat from Thessaly faded with Jason's murder in 370 B.C., and the former enemies Sparta and Athens momentarily allied against the Thebans in the battle of Mantinea in the Peloponnese in 362 B.C. Thebes won the battle but lost the war when its great leader Epaminondas fell at Mantinea and no credible replacement for him could be found. The Theban quest for dominance in Greece was over. Xenophon adroitly summed up the situation after 362 B.C. with these closing remarks from the history that he wrote of the Greeks in his time (Hellenica ): "Everyone had supposed that the winners of this battle would be Greece's rulers and its losers their subjects; but there was only more confusion and disturbance in Greece after it than before". The truth of his analysis was confirmed when the naval alliance led by Athens dissolved in the mid-350s B.C. in a war among the leader and the allies. All the efforts of the various major Greek states to extend their hegemony over mainland Greece in this period therefore ended in failure. By the mid 350s B.C., no Greek city-state had the power to rule more than itself on a consistent basis. The struggle for supremacy in Greece that had begun eighty years earlier with the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War had finally ended in a stalemate of exhaustion that opened the way for a new power-- the kingdom of Macedonia.

This text is from: Thomas Martin's An Overview of Classical Greek History from Homer to Alexander, Yale University Press. Cited Sep 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... English

MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Against Lacedaemonians
Pausanias mentions three battles between Lacedaemonians and Megalopolitans. The last one was the most important, because Cleomenes of Sparta seized Megalopolis and caused severe damages. The Megalopolitans had managed to win only the first of those three battles (Paus. 8,27,11-15).
Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Arcadia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English

SKOPI (Village) TRIPOLI

Battle at the plain of Mantinea 418 BC
The Mantineans did not fight on the side of the other Arcadians against the Lacedaemonians at Dipaea, but in the Peloponnesian war they rose with the Eleans against the Lacedaemonians, and joined in battle with them after the arrival of reinforcements from Athens...Such was the battle, as nearly as possible as I have described it; the greatest that had occurred for a very long while among the Hellenes, and joined by the most considerable states.
Perseus: Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War (ed. Richard Crawley, 1910)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... EnglishPerseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Arcadia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English
Cavalry battle
Pausanias claims that a cavalry battle took place at the Pelagus, but it is more possible that it actually took place at Skopi (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p.215, note 1). The battle is narrated in detail by Xenophon (Xenophon, Hell. 7,5,15-27 )
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Battle of Tegea, 473 BC
Argos getting stronger, joined with cities of Arcadia to present opposition to Sparta. In the battle Spartan wins but not decisively.

THYREA (Ancient city) ASTROS

Battle of Thyrea, Alcenor & Chromios, Othryades
Now at this very time the Spartans themselves were feuding with the Argives over the country called Thyrea; for this was a part of the Argive territory which the Lacedaemonians had cut off and occupied. (All the land towards the west, as far as Malea, belonged then to the Argives, and not only the mainland, but the island of Cythera and the other islands.) The Argives came out to save their territory from being cut off, then after debate the two armies agreed that three hundred of each side should fight, and whichever party won would possess the land. The rest of each army was to go away to its own country and not be present at the battle, since, if the armies remained on the field, the men of either party might render assistance to their comrades if they saw them losing. Having agreed, the armies drew off, and picked men of each side remained and fought. Neither could gain advantage in the battle; at last, only three out of the six hundred were left, Alcenor and Chromios of the Argives, Othryades of the Lacedaemonians: these three were left alive at nightfall. Then the two Argives, believing themselves victors, ran to Argos; but Othryades the Lacedaemonian, after stripping the Argive dead and taking the arms to his camp, waited at his position. On the second day both armies came to learn the issue. For a while both claimed the victory, the Argives arguing that more of their men had survived, the Lacedaemonians showing that the Argives had fled, while their man had stood his ground and stripped the enemy dead. At last from arguing they fell to fighting; many of both sides fell, but the Lacedaemonians gained the victory. The Argives, who before had worn their hair long by fixed custom, shaved their heads ever after and made a law, with a curse added to it, that no Argive grow his hair, and no Argive woman wear gold, until they recovered Thyreae; and the Lacedaemonians made a contrary law, that they wear their hair long ever after; for until now they had not worn it so. Othryades, the lone survivor of the three hundred, was ashamed, it is said, to return to Sparta after all the men of his company had been killed, and killed himself on the spot at Thyreae.

This extract is from: Herodotus. The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.

Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English
Between Lacedaemonians and Argives
Thyrea was disputed by both the Argives and the Lacedaemonians, with battles and arbitrations (Paus. 2.38.5, 3.7.5, 10.9.12). The Lacedaemonians once gave it to the Aeginetans who had been sent away by the Athenians (Paus. 2.29.5, 2.38.5).
Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Corinth
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... EnglishPerseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Laconia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... EnglishPerseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Phocis and Ozolian Locri
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... EnglishPerseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Corinth
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English

VALTETSI (Village) ARCADIA

The battle of Valtetsi, 24 April & 12 May 1821
Page of Arcadia website
http://arcadia.ceid.upatras.gr/arkadia/arcadia-his... (2 img.) Greek
 Benefactors of the place

MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Epaminondas
Son of Cleommis, or of Polymnis, his life, his gentle temper, at battle of Leuctra, founds Megalopolis, and Messene, puts down Lacedaemonian decemvirates, deceived by oracle, slain at battle of Mantinea, his tomb, his glory, picture of E., statues.
Epaminondas: Perseus Encyclopedia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... English

PALLANTION (Ancient city) TRIPOLI

Antoninus I
Roman emperor, grants freedom to Pallantium, conquers Moors and Brigantians, his liberality, called Pius by the Romans, his gifts and building recorded by other writers.
Perseus Encyclopedia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... English
 Catastrophes of the place

PRASSIES (Ancient city) LEONIDION

By the Athenians
Putting out from Epidaurus, they (the Athenians) laid waste the territory of Troezen, Halieis, and Hermione, all towns on the coast of Peloponnese, and thence sailing to Prasiai, a maritime town in Laconia, ravaged part of its territory, and took and sacked the place itself; after which they returned home, but found the Peloponnesians gone and no longer in Attica.
Perseus: Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War (ed. Richard Crawley, 1910)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English
 Colonizations by the inhabitants

TRAPEZOUS (Ancient city) GORTYS

Trapezus in Pontus
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... English
 Foundation/Settlement of the place

MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

The co-settlement of Megalopolis
Megalopolis was united into one city in the same year, but a few months later, as occurred the defeat of the Lacedaemonians at Leuctra, when Phrasicleides was archon at Athens, in the second year of the hundred and second Olympiad, when Damon of Thurii was victor in the foot-race (Paus. 8,27,8). Pausanias refers to the year 371 BC, but it has been widely accepted that the Arcadian towns united to form Megalopolis in the year 368 BC, the same year that Archidamus of Sparta had won a battle against the Arcadians, the Messenians and the Argives without any Spartan losses (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p. 293, note 2).
Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Arcadia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English
 Links

KYNOURIA (Province) ARCADIA

Cynouria (Kynouria) through the centuries
http://www.zafeiris.gr/kynouria/histor.htm English
 Nations & tribes

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

The old parishes of Tegea
The Tegeans say that in the time of Tegeates, son of Lycaon, only the district got its name from him, and that the inhabitants dwelt in parishes, Gareatae, Phylacenses, Caryatae, Corythenses, Potachidae, Oeatae, Manthyrenses, Echeuethenses. But in the reign of Apheidas a ninth parish was added to them, namely Apheidantes.
Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Arcadia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English
 Official pages

TRIPOLI (Municipality) ARCADIA

Trikorfa
Prefecture of Arkadia WebPage
http://www.arcadia.gr/engsh_ver/c2/sc3/default.htm... Greek English

TRIPOLI (Town) ARCADIA

Tripolitsa during the Revolution of 1821
Prefecture of Arcadia WebPage
http://www.arcadia.gr/engsh_ver/c2/sc4/default.htm... English Greek
Municipality of Tripoli WebPages
http://www.tripolis.gr/History2/index.htm Greek English  Prefecture of Arcadia WebPage
http://www.arcadia.gr/engsh_ver/c2/sc2/default.htm... Greek English
 Participation in the fights of the Greeks

ARKADIA (Ancient area) PELOPONISSOS

Battle of Thermopylae
The Hellenes who awaited the Persians in that place were these: three hundred Spartan armed men; one thousand from Tegea and Mantinea, half from each place; one hundred and twenty from Orchomenus in Arcadia and one thousand from the rest of Arcadia; that many Arcadians, four hundred from Corinth, two hundred from Phlius, and eighty Mycenaeans. These were the Peloponnesians present; from Boeotia there were seven hundred Thespians and four hundred Thebans.
Perseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English

MANTINIA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

The Sicilian Expedition
The Mantineans did not fight on the side of the other Arcadians against the Lacedaemonians at Dipaea, but in the Peloponnesian war they rose with the Eleans against the Lacedaemonians, and joined in battle with them after the arrival of reinforcements from Athens. Their friendship with the Athenians led them to take part also in the Sicilian expedition.
Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Arcadia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English
Battle of Thermopylae
The Hellenes who awaited the Persians in that place were these: three hundred Spartan armed men; one thousand from Tegea and Mantinea, half from each place; one hundred and twenty from Orchomenus in Arcadia and one thousand from the rest of Arcadia; that many Arcadians, four hundred from Corinth, two hundred from Phlius, and eighty Mycenaeans. These were the Peloponnesians present; from Boeotia there were seven hundred Thespians and four hundred Thebans.
Perseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English

ORCHOMENOS (Ancient city) LEVIDI

Battle of Thermopylae
The Hellenes who awaited the Persians in that place were these: three hundred Spartan armed men; one thousand from Tegea and Mantinea, half from each place; one hundred and twenty from Orchomenus in Arcadia and one thousand from the rest of Arcadia; that many Arcadians, four hundred from Corinth, two hundred from Phlius, and eighty Mycenaeans. These were the Peloponnesians present; from Boeotia there were seven hundred Thespians and four hundred Thebans
Perseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English
Battle of Plataea
. . . Next to these were six hundred Arcadians from Orchomenus, and after them three thousand men of Sicyon.
Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Elis
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... EnglishPerseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Battle of Thermopylae
The Hellenes who awaited the Persians in that place were these: three hundred Spartan armed men; one thousand from Tegea and Mantinea, half from each place; one hundred and twenty from Orchomenus in Arcadia and one thousand from the rest of Arcadia; that many Arcadians, four hundred from Corinth, two hundred from Phlius, and eighty Mycenaeans. These were the Peloponnesians present; from Boeotia there were seven hundred Thespians and four hundred Thebans.
Perseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English
Battle of Plataea
The Spartans chose the Tegeans for their neighbors in the battle, both to do them honor, and for their valor; there were of these fifteen hundred men-at-arms.
Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Elis
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... EnglishPerseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English
 Remarkable selections

ORESTHION (Ancient city) VALTETSI

Oresthasians and Phigalians
When the Lacedaemonians attacked the Arcadians and invaded Phigalia, they overcame the inhabitants in battle and sat down to besiege the city. When the walls were in danger of capture the Phigalians ran away, or perhaps the Lacedaemonians let them come out under a truce.The Phigalians who escaped resolved to go to Delphi and ask the god about their return. The Pythian priestess said that if they took with them one hundred picked men from Oresthasium, these would die in the battle, but through them the Phigalians would be restored to their city. When the Oresthasians heard of the oracle delivered to the Phigalians, all vied with one another in their eagerness to be one of the picked hundred and take part in the expedition to Phigalia. They advanced against the Lacedaemonian garrison and fulfilled the oracle in all respects. For they fought and met their end gloriously; expelling the Spartans they enabled the Phigalians to recover their native land.
Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Arcadia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English
 Roman period (31 BC-324 AD)

MANTINIA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Antigonea
Name given to Mantinea in honour of Antigonus.
Antigonea: Perseus Encyclopedia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... English
 Settlers

MEGALOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Founders of Megalopolis
There were chosen as founders by the Arcadians, Lycomedes and Hopoleas of Mantineia, Timon and Proxenus of Tegea, Cleolaus and Acriphius of Cleitor, Eucampidas and Hieronymus of Maenalus, Possicrates and Theoxenus of the Parrhasians.
Perseus Encyclopedia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... EnglishPausanias, Description of Greece
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... EnglishPerseus Encyclopedia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... EnglishPerseus Encyclopedia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... EnglishPerseus Encyclopedia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... EnglishPerseus Encyclopedia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... EnglishPerseus Encyclopedia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... EnglishPerseus Encyclopedia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... EnglishPerseus Encyclopedia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... English
 Text extracts

AZANIA (Ancient area) ARKADIA

Azania
Stefanos Byzantios; "Azania has seventeen towns".
 The place was conquered by:

IREA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Philip V
Philippus seized Heraea in about 219 BC and gave it, along with other towns, to the Acheans who were his allies (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p. 281, note 1).

MANTINIA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

Lacedaemonians
Later on a Lacedaemonian army under Agesipolis, the son of Pausanias, invaded their territory. Agesipolis was victorious in the battle and shut up the Mantineans within their walls, capturing the city shortly after. He did not take it by storm, but turned the river Ophis against its fortifications, which were made of unburnt brick. Now against the blows of engines brick brings greater security than fortifications built of stone. For stones break and are dislodged from their fittings; brick, however, does not suffer so much from engines, but it crumbles under the action of water just as wax is melted by the sun. After taking Mantineia, he left a small part of it inhabited, but by far the greater part he razed to the ground, settling the inhabitants in villages. Fate decreed that the Thebans should restore the Mantineans from the villages to their own country after the engagement at Leuctra.
Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Arcadia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... Englishhttp://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English
 Various

ARKADIA (Ancient area) PELOPONISSOS

Epariti (eparitoi)
Epariti (eparitoi). A corps of picked troops in Arcadia, which was formed to preserve the independence of the Arcadian towns, when they became united as one State after the defeat of the Spartans at Leuctra. They were 5000 in number, and were paid by the State. Cf. Hesych. s. v. eparoetoi: Thirlwall, v. 90.
Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Per... English
 Victories

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA

The fetters of the Lacedaemonians
The Lacedaemonians with Charillus leading marched against Tegea having misunderstood a divination . They had also taken with them fetters to tie the Tegeans they would capture. But it turned out that the Tegeans won the battle, so they captured the Lacedaemonians, tied them with their own fetters and made them work at the Tegean fields as slaves (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 2, p. 323, note 2). Hanging up are the fetters, except such as have been destroyed by rust, worn by the Lacedaemonian prisoners when they dug the plain of Tegea (Paus. 8,47,2).
Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece, Arcadia
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English
...When the Lacedaemonians heard the oracle reported, they left the other Arcadians alone and marched on Tegea carrying chains, relying on the deceptive oracle. They were confident they would enslave the Tegeans, but they were defeated in battle.Those taken alive were bound in the very chains they had brought with them, and they measured the Tegean plain with a rope by working the fields. The chains in which they were bound were still preserved in my day, hanging up at the temple of Athena Alea.
Perseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=... English

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